The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary For SSC CGL Exam 19/2020/21

 

 

(VOCABULARY)

 

    1. Clusters (Noun) –समूह

Meaning: a group of similar things or people positioned or occurring closely together.

Synonyms: Bunch, Clump, Collection

Antonyms: individual, one, whole

Usage: “clusters of creamy-white flowers”

 

    1. Curb (Verb) –नियंत्रण करना

Meaning: restrain or keep in check.

Synonyms: restrain, hold back, keep back

Antonyms: release, acquittal, liberation, disengagement

Usage: “she promised she would curb her temper”

 

    1. Unprecedented (Adjective) –अप्रतिम, बेमिसाल

Meaning: never done or known before.

Synonyms: unparalleled, unequaled, unmatched

Antonyms: normal, common, mediocre, hackneyed

Usage: “the government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence”

 

    1. Punitive (Adjective) –अत्यधिक ऊँचा

Meaning: extremely high.

Synonyms: harsh, severe, stiff

Antonyms: reasonable, moderate, cheap

Usage: “a current punitive interest rate of 31.3 per cent”

    1. Gallows (Noun) –फांसी

Meaning: execution by hanging.

Synonyms: hanging, being hanged, the noose

Antonyms: abandoning, disregard, failure

Usage: “he was saved from the gallows by a last-minute reprieve”

 

    1. Condemned (Verb) –की निंदा करना

Meaning: express complete disapproval of; censure.

Synonyms: censure, criticize, castigate

Antonyms: praise, commend, applaud, admire

Usage: “most leaders roundly condemned the attack”

 

    1. Plea (Noun) –दलील

Meaning: a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.

Synonyms: appeal, entreaty, supplication

Antonyms: answer, decision, demand

Usage: “he made a dramatic plea for disarmament”

 

    1. Exhaust (Verb) –थका देना

Meaning: make (someone) feel very tired.

Synonyms: tire out, wear out, overtire

Antonyms: invigorate, refresh, fortify

Usage: “her day out had exhausted her”

    1. Scrutiny (Noun) –संवीक्षा

Meaning: critical observation or examination.

Synonyms: careful, examination, inspection, survey

Antonyms: glance, cursory look, effulgence

Usage: “every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny”

 

    1. Plenary (Adjective) –अपरिपक्व, पूर्ण

Meaning: unqualified; absolute.

Synonyms: unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted

Antonyms: conditional, limited, qualified

Usage: “crusaders were offered a plenary indulgence by the Pope”

 

    1. Dubious (Adjective) –संदिग्ध

Meaning: hesitating or doubting.

Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure

Antonyms: certain, definite, sicker

Usage: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”

 

    1. Entailed (Verb) –अपरिहार्य

Meaning: involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence.

Synonyms: necessitate, make necessary, require

Antonyms: prevented, stopped, counteracted

Usage: “a situation which entails considerable risks”

    1. Scrutiny (Noun) –संवीक्षा

Meaning: critical observation or examination.

Synonyms: careful, examination, inspection, survey

Antonyms: glance, cursory look, effulgence

Usage: “every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny”

 

    1. Plenary (Adjective) –अपरिपक्व, पूर्ण

Meaning: unqualified; absolute.

Synonyms: unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted

Antonyms: conditional, limited, qualified

Usage: “crusaders were offered a plenary indulgence by the Pope”

 

    1. Dubious (Adjective) –संदिग्ध

Meaning: hesitating or doubting.

Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure

Antonyms: certain, definite, sicker

Usage: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”

 

    1. Entailed (Verb) –अपरिहार्य

Meaning: involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence.

Synonyms: necessitate, make necessary, require

Antonyms: prevented, stopped, counteracted

Usage: “a situation which entails considerable risks”

 

    1. Sinister (Adjective) –भयावह

Meaning: giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen.

Synonyms: menacing, threatening, ominous

Antonyms: unthreatening, auspicious, benevolent

Usage: “there was something sinister about that murmuring voice”

 

    1. Probe (Noun) –जाँच-पड़ताल

Meaning: a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.

Synonyms: investigation, inquiry, examination

Antonyms: answer, ignore, misunderstand

Usage: “a probe into city hall corruption”

 

    1. Purported (Verb) –दावा करना

Meaning: appear to be or do something, especially falsely.

Synonyms: claim, lay claim, profess

Antonyms: known, established, proven

Usage: “she is not the person she purports to be”

 

    1. Perpetuate (Verb) –अनिश्चित काल के लिए जारी रखना

Meaning: make (something) continue indefinitely.

Synonyms: keep alive, keep going, keep in existence

Antonyms: abolish, destroy, end

Usage: “the confusion was perpetuated through inadvertence”

    1. Defamation (Noun) –मानहानि

Meaning: the action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel.

Synonyms: libel, slander, character assassination

Antonyms: commendation, praise, admiration, glorification

Usage: “she sued him for defamation”

 

    1. Inflated (Verb) –वातित या भरा हुआ

Meaning: fill (a balloon, tyre, or other expandable structure) with air or gas so that it becomes distended.

Synonyms: blown up, aerated, filled

Antonyms: deflated, contradict, deny, repeal

Usage: “never use an airline on a garage forecourt to inflate your tyres”

 

    1. Provocation (Noun) –उकसावा

Meaning: action or speech that makes someone angry, especially deliberately.

Synonyms: goading, prodding, egging on

Antonyms: counter incentive, disincentive, compliment

Usage: “you should remain calm and not respond to provocation”

 

    1. Antecedents (Noun) –पूर्ववृत्त

Meaning: a person’s ancestors or family and social background.

Synonyms: ancestor, forefather, forebear

Antonyms: descendant, scion, offspring, progeny

Usage: “her early life and antecedents have been traced”

    1. Antecedents (Noun) –पूर्ववृत्त

Meaning: a person’s ancestors or family and social background.

Synonyms: ancestor, forefather, forebear

Antonyms: descendant, cadent, descensive, descendant

Usage: “her early life and antecedents have been traced”

 

    1. Provocation (Noun) –उकसावा

Meaning: action or speech that makes someone angry, especially deliberately.

Synonyms: goading, prodding, egging on

Antonyms: counter incentive, disincentive, compliment

Usage: “you should remain calm and not respond to provocation”

 

    1. Inflated (Verb) –वातित या भरा हुआ

Meaning: fill (a balloon, tyre, or other expandable structure) with air or gas so that it becomes distended.

Synonyms: blown up, aerated, filled

Antonyms: deflated, negate, contradict

Usage: “never use an airline on a garage forecourt to inflate your tyres”

 

    1. Defamation (Noun) –मानहानि

Meaning: the action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel.

Synonyms: libel, slander, character assassination

Antonyms: commendation, scion, offspring

Usage: “she sued him for defamation”.

    1. Cohort (Noun) –समूह

Meaning: a group of people with a shared characteristic.

Synonyms: group, categorization, category

Antonyms: opponent, rival, leader

Usage: “a cohort of civil servants patiently drafting legislation”

 

    1. Crook (Noun) –अपराधी

Meaning: a person who is dishonest or a criminal.

Synonyms: criminal, lawbreaker, offender

Antonyms: law-abiding citizen,

Usage: “the man’s a crook, he’s not to be trusted”

 

    1. Deterrent (Noun) –निवारक

Meaning: a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something.

Synonyms: disincentive, discouragement, dissuasion

Antonyms: incentive, encouragement, solicitation

Usage: “cameras are a major deterrent to crime”

 

    1. Dubious (Adjective) –संदिग्ध

Meaning: hesitating or doubting.

Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure

Antonyms: certain, definite, alleged

Usage: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”

 



(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)

 

  1. A short story based on your personal experience – Anecdote
  2. One who takes care of a building – Warden
  3. Incapable of being approached – Inaccessible
  4. One who lends money at very high interest – Usurer
  5. One who lives/survives on others/other lives – Parasite
  6. A detailed plan of a journey – Itinerary
  7. One who lives/survives on others/other lives – Parasite
  8. A detailed plan of a journey – Itinerary
  9. One who possesses many talents – Versatile
  10. A medicine to nullify the effect of poison – Antidote
  11. A person who lives by himself – Recluse
  12. An assembly of worshippers –Congregation
  13. A heavy continuous fall of rain –Downpour
  14. A public institution for the care and protection of children without parents – Orphanage
  15. A decorative ring of flowers and leaves –Wreath
  16. Shaking movement of the ground -Tremor


(MISSPELT WORDS)

1.    (A) Aggravet

     (B) Aggrevate

     (C) Agravate

     (D) Aggravate

 2. (A) Chagriend

     (B) Chagrined

     (C) Chagrened

     (D) Chagrinid

    1. (A) Begarr

     (B) Begarr

     (C) Begar

     (D) Beggar

 

    1. (A) Medicine

     (B) Medisin

     (C) Medecine

     (D) Medicene

 

    1. (A) Sacrilegious

     (B) Sacriligious

     (C) Sacrilegeous

     (D) Sacrilegeous

 

    1. (A) Sargiant

     (B) Serogent

     (C) Sargeant

     (D) Sergeant

    1. (A) Sacrilegious

     (B) Sacriligious

     (C) Sacrilegeous

     (D) Sacrilegeous

 

    1. (A) Sargiant

     (B) Serogent

     (C) Sargeant

     (D) Sergeant

    1. (A) Independance

     (B) Indipendence

     (C) Independence

     (D) Independanse

 

    1. (A) Sepherd

     (B) Shepherd

     (C) Shephard

     (D) Sheferd

    1. (A) Restaurent

     (B) Restourant

     (C) Restaurant

     (D) Restourent

 

    1. (A) Vigilant

     (B) Vigillant

     (C) Vigilent

     (D) Vigillent

    1. (A) Recomend

     (B) Reccommend

     (C) Recommend

     (D) Reccomend

 

    1. (A) Rhythmical

     (B) Rhythemical

     (C) Rhythimical

     (D) Rhythmecal

    1. (A) Satelite

     (B) Sattelite

     (C) Sattellite

     (D) Satellite

 

    1. (A) Sepparate

     (B) Separete

     (C) Seperate

     (D) Separate



(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)

1.  Any port in a storm:

Meaning: – This means that in an emergency any solution will do, even one that would normally be unacceptable.

Example: – I don’t really like Meg, but I had to ask her for help because she was the only one still in the office last night when my computer crashed. Any port in a storm, I guess.

 2.  Apron strings:

Meaning: – A man who is tied to a woman’s apron strings is excessively dependent on her, especially when it is his mother’s apron strings.

Example: – At 25, he was still too tied to her apron strings to get an apartment of his own.

    1. All mouth and trousers:

Meaning: – (UK) Someone who’s all mouth and trousers talks or boasts a lot but doesn’t deliver. ‘All mouth and no trousers’ is also used, though this is a corruption of the original.

Example: – He was a fast-talking, London media type, all mouth and trousers.

 

    1. Costs an arm and a leg:

Meaning: – If you say that something costs an arm and a leg, you mean that it is very expensive.

Example: – A week at a health farm can cost an arm and a leg.

    1. Bad hair day:

Meaning: – If you’re having a bad hair day, things are not going the way you would like or had planned.

Example: – What have I done to upset Martha? Nothing, she’s just having a bad hair day.

 

    1. Bad shape:

Meaning: – If something’s in bad shape, it’s in bad condition. If a person’s in bad shape, they are unfit or unhealthy.

Example: – My friend Lisa just got divorced. She’s in pretty bad shape.

    1. Bad hair day:

Meaning: – If you’re having a bad hair day, things are not going the way you would like or had planned.

Example: – What have I done to upset Martha? Nothing, she’s just having a bad hair day.

 

    1. Bad shape:

Meaning: – If something’s in bad shape, it’s in bad condition. If a person’s in bad shape, they are unfit or unhealthy.

Example: – My friend Lisa just got divorced. She’s in pretty bad shape.

    1. Better Late than Never

Meaning: – doing something late is better than not doing it at all.

Example: – All of us have been waiting for you for two hours – but better late than never.

 

    1. As mad as a hatter:

Meaning: – This simile means that someone is crazy or behaves very strangely. In the past many people who made hats went insane because they had a lot of contact with mercury.

Example: – The way he dressed for the event, he must be as mad as a hatter.

    1. Your call:

Meaning: – If something is your call, it is up to you to make a decision on the matter.

Example: – I don’t really care where we go right now for dinner. It’s your call.

 

    1. Zip it:

Meaning: –This is used to tell someone to be quiet.

Example: – The teacher had asked the class to zip it but today everybody seemed to want to talk a lot. So she punished the entire class.

    1. Blow your stack:

Meaning: – If you blow your stack, you lose your temper.

Example: – My father really blew his stack when I told him.

 

    1. Bone to pick:

Meaning: – If you have a bone to pick with someone, you are annoyed about something they have done and want to tell them how you feel.

Example: – I have a bone to pick with you, Wallace; I heard how you criticized me at the meeting last night.

    1. Cast aspersion:

Meaning: – If you cast aspersion, you try to blacken someone’s name and make people think badly of them.

Example: – I’m sorry to cast aspersions on Julie, but her work ethic is really terrible.

 

    1. Change your tune:

Meaning: – If someone changes their ideas or the way they talk about them, they change their tune.

Example: – The mention of a hefty tip really changed the host’s tune, so I think he’ll be able to find us a table after all.

 

 

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.