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State Executive of India (Governor)

State Executive of India (Governor)

Here you will get Complete SSC GK Polity Study Notes for SSC CGL, State PCS and IAS Exams 2018. The Complete Study Material on the State Executive of India (Governor) for competitive exams in 2018.

The Governor

The Constitution provides for an office of the Governor in the States (Article 153).

◈ The Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of the states and territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level.

◈ Governors exist in the states while Lieutenant-Governors exist in union territories and in the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

◈ The Governor acts as the nominal head whereas the real power lies in the hand of the Chief Ministers of the states and the Chief Minister’s Council of Ministers.

◈ In India, a Lieutenant Governor is in charge of a Union Territory.

◈ However the rank is present only in the union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Delhi and Puducherry (the other territories have an administrator appointed, who is an IAS officer).

◈ Lieutenant-Governors hold the same rank as a Governor of a state in the list of precedence.

◈ The Governors and Lieutenant-Governors are appointed by the President for a term of 5 years.

Appointment of Governor

◈ A Governor is appointed by the President of India by a warrant under his hand and seal, on the recommendations of the Union Council of Ministers.

◈ He is an agent of the Centre to which he reports fortnightly, on the affairs of the State.

◈ His usual term of office is five years but he holds office during the pleasure of the President.

◈ He can also be transferred from one State to another by the President.

◈ He can also resign any time by addressing his resignation to the President.

◈ The Legislature of a State or a High Court has no role in the removal of a Governor.

◈ A person may be appointed as a Governor for any number of terms.

Qualifications for Governor

◈ Citizen of India.

◈ He should have completed the age of 35 years.

◈ He should not be a member of either House of the Parliament or of the House of the State Legislature.

◈ He should not hold any other office of profit.

◈ The Oath of the office to the Governor is administered by the Chief Justice of the concerned State High Court and in his absence, the senior-most Judge of that Court available.

Powers and Functions

◈ A Governor possesses Executive, Legislative, Financial and Judicial powers analogous to the President of India.

◈ He has no diplomatic, military or emergency powers like the President.

◈ The Governor has also been given certain discretionary powers which are not available to the President.

Removal

◈ The term of Governor’s office is normally 5 years but it can be terminated earlier by

  1. Dismissal by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister of the country, at whose pleasure the Governor holds office.
  2. Resignation by the governor

◈ There is no provision of impeachment, as it happens for the President.


Also read:

SSC GK Polity Notes: Parliament of India

Directive Principles of State Policy

SSC GK Polity Notes: All about Fundamental Rights

SSC GK Polity Notes: All about Fundamental Duties

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  1. September 8, 2018

    […] State Executive of India (Governor) […]

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