SSC GK: Short Notes on Mughal Empire (Part-2)

SSC GK: Short Notes on Mughal Empire (Part-2)

Read here complete SSC GK History Notes for SSC CGL Tier I, CHSL Tier I 2018 & other SSC Exams. Get all important facts related to Mughal Empire.

Jahangir (1605-1627 AD)

⦿ His original name was Salim. Jahangir’s rule was full of rebellions.

⦿ He is known for his strict administration.

⦿ Captain William Hawkins of East India Company came to Jahangir’s court.

⦿ Sir Thomas Roe, a representative of King James I of England also came to his court seeking permission o establish trading port at Surat. He was granted permission after initial resistance.

Shahjahan (1628-1658 AD)

⦿ He faced revolts in Bundelkhand after usurping the throne after his fathers death.

⦿ After three years of his accession, his beloved wife died in 1631, he built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaj Mahal at Agra.

⦿ He promoted art and culture during his reign.

⦿ The Red Fort, Jama Masjid at Delhi were built under his rule.

Aurangzeb (1658-1707 AD)

⦿ He assumed the title of Alamgir.

⦿ In first ten years to his rule, he lead many military campaigns.

⦿ The jats and Satnamis along with Sikhs revolted during his reign.

⦿ These revolts were a result of his harsh religious policy.

⦿ He had reintroduced Jaziya and pilgrim tax.

⦿ He defeated the Shia Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda eliminating the Kutb Shahi dynasty.

⦿ This removed the barrier between the Marathas and the Mughals and confrontations began.

⦿ His deccan policy ruined the treasury of the Mughal empire.

Mughal Rulers After Aurangzeb:

⦿ After Aurangzeb, the Mughal empire began to decline rapidly.

⦿ Later Mughals were not very powerful or influential.

⦿ Still the Mughal empire continued till the 1857 revolt.

⦿ Under Bahadur Shah II, the Mughal empire came to a formal end.

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