SSC GK Polity: Parliament of India (Part-2)

SSC GK Polity: Parliament of India (Part-2)

Here we are Providing you the Indian Polity notes on Parliament of India for various competitive exams in 2018, like SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, Railway, Banking etc.

Powers and Functions of the Parliament

Under the cabinet system of government;

The first function of Parliament is to select the group which will form the government, support, and sustain it in power as long as it enjoys its confidence.

The second function of the Parliament is to make laws for the country.

The third function of Parliament is to control the purse of the nation.

The fourth function of Parliament is the scrutiny and control of administration.

The fifth function of Parliament is to serve as a kind of Constituent Assembly when necessary to amend the Constitution through the procedure laid down for the purpose.

The sixth function of Parliament is to serve as an electoral college to elect the President and the Vice-President.

Parliamentary Committees

❖ A parliamentary committee is a committee which is appointed or elected by the House or nomi­nated by the Speaker.

❖ It works under the direction of the Speaker and presents its report to the House or to the Speaker.

❖ The committees make parliamentary work smooth, efficient and expeditious.

❖ They also provide a certain expertise to the deliberations of Parliament.

❖ It must, however, be noted that committees are subordinate bodies created by Parliament to assist in its legislative work.

❖ Parliamentary committees are of different types. Broadly speaking there are:

(1) Ad Hoc Committees, and

(2) Standing or Non-Ad Hoc Committees.

❖ Ad Hoc Committees may be constituted from time to time, by either House, to inquire into and report on specific subjects, or they may be committees set up to advise the House, such as those appointed to consider and report on a specific Bill.

❖ The Standing Committees may be classified according to their functions.

The Committees may also be classified in the following manner.

1. There are consultative committees for different ministries which provide a forum for discussion on the policies and working of the ministries.

2. There are the select committees or joint select committees on individual bills for investigation or inquiry.

3. Sometimes, the Parliament may appoint a committee for a specific purpose or to study a particular question like the Committee for the Welfare of SCs and Tribes.

4. There are committees to inquire into various matters like the Committee of Petitions and Committee of Privileges.

5. Some committees are of administrative character relating to business of the House like:

(a) Committee on Absence of Members from the sittings of the House

(b) Business Advisory Committee, and

(c) Rules Committee.

6. A few committees are concerned with the facilities of members of Parliament like the House Committee and Library Committee.

7. Finally, the most important committees are the three financial committees

(a) the Estimates Committee

(b) the Public Accounts Committee, and

(c) the Committee on Public Undertak­ings.

Also read:

SSC GK Polity: Parliament of India (Part-1)

SSC Polity: Judiciary in India (Part-1)

State Executive of India (Governor)

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