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SSC GK Polity Notes on Union & its Territories

SSC GK Polity Notes on Union & its Territories

GK Polity notes on Union and its Territories for SSC CGL Exam 2018. Very useful for all competitive  examinations like IAS, UPSC, PSC, SSC, Railway, Banking, SBI PO etc.

Union & its Territories

Part I of Indian Constitution is titled The Union and its Territory.

Articles 1 to 4 under Part-I of the Constitution deal with the Union and its territory.

This part of the constitution contains the law in the establishment, renaming, merging or altering the borders of the states.

Articles under Part I were invoked when West Bengal was renamed, and for formation of relatively new states such as Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh or Telengana.


(1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States

(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule

(3) The territory of India shall comprise: The territories of the States; the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and such other territories as may be acquired.

This article explains about federal structure of the country & tells us about the territorial domain of our country.


Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions, as it thinks fit.

Parliament has been given power to admit new states on the conditions it may like.


Parliament may by law –

(a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;

(b) increase the area of any State;

(c) diminish the area of any State;

(d) alter the boundaries of any State;

(e) alter the name of any State;

Explanation I: In this article, in clauses (a) to (e), State includes a Union territory, but in the proviso, State does not include a Union territory

Explanation II: The power conferred on Parliament by clause (a) includes the power to form a new State or Union territory by uniting a part of any State or Union territory to any other State or Union territory

Article explains the power of the parliament which can alter, change, increase the area of any state.

Provision of this article puts one condition i.e. prior recommendation of president is needed for doing any of the act and view of state is also taken on that particular issue.


(1) Any law referred to in article 2 or article 3 shall contain such provisions for the amendment of the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions (including provisions as to representation in Parliament and in the Legislature or Legislatures of the State or States affected by such law) as Parliament may deem necessary.
(2) No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be in amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.

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  1. September 6, 2018

    […] SSC GK Polity Notes on Union & its Territories […]

  2. September 6, 2018

    […] SSC GK Polity Notes on Union & its Territories […]

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