SSC GK Polity Notes: Citizenship
SSC GK Polity Notes: Citizenship
Polity Study Notes for SSC Exams. Here we are providing an important Polity GK notes on Citizenship for SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, CPO, RAILWAY and other competitive exams.
◈ Article 11 gave powers to the Parliament of India to regulate the right of citizenship by law.
◈ Citizenship Act 1955 was enacted by the Parliament.
◈ It is an act to provide for the acquisition and termination of Indian citizenship, and the same acts speaks about citizenship of India after the commencement of the Constitution.
◈ The constitution of India gives ‘Single Citizenship” for all its citizens India. This implies that there is no disparate domicile for a state.
◈ Provisions for citizenship are mentioned in Article 5 to 11 in Part II of the Constitution.
◈ Individuals who are not Indian Citizens are considered Aliens.
◈ Aliens do not enjoy rights mentioned in Article 15,16,19,29,30 of the Constitution.
(A) Citizenship by birth:
◈ Any person born in India on or after the 26th day of January,1950 is a citizen of India.
◈ Any person born on or after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003, where either-
- both of his parents are citizens of India; or
- one of whose parents is a citizen of India and the other is not an illegal migrant at the time of his birth, shall be a citizen of India by birth.
(B) Citizenship by descent:
◈ A person born outside India on or after the 26th day of January, 1950, if his father is a citizen of India at the time of his birth shall be a citizen of India by descent.
◈ Since 2004, a person shall not be a citizen of India by virtue of this section, unless his birth is registered at an Indian consulate within one year of the date of birth.
(C) Citizenship by registration:
◈ A person can acquire citizenship by registering themselves with prescribed authority. Such categories of persons are:
- Persons of Indian origin residing outside the territories of undivided India
- Those persons of Indian origin who are ordinarily residents in India and have been so resident for 6 months immediately before making application for registration
- Women who are married to citizens of India
- Children of Indian citizens
- Adult citizens of commonwealth country or republic of Ireland
(D) Citizenship by Naturalization:
◈ A foreign citizen not covered by any of the above methods can get Indian citizenship on application of Naturalization to the Government of India; with the following conditions:
- Belongs to a country where the citizens of India are allowed to become subjects or citizens of that country by naturalization.
- Renounces the citizenship of his country and intimated the renunciation to the Government of India.
- Has been residing in India or serving the government for 12 months before the date of making application for naturalization.
- Possess a good character
- Posses working knowledge of Indian Languages
- Intends to reside in India after naturalization.
Lossing of Citizenship
◈ The Act envisages three situations under which a citizen of India may lose his Indian Nationality. These are:
◈ If any citizen of India who is also a national of another country renounces his citizenship through declaration of in the prescribed manner, he ceases to be Indian Citizen.
◈ Any person who acquired Indian Citizenship by naturalization, registration or otherwise, has voluntarily acquired citizenship of another country at anytime between January 26, 1950 to December 30,1955, shall have ceased to be an Indian Citizen.
◈ Section 10 of the Citizenship Act 1955 empowers the government to deprive a citizen of his citizenship by issuing an order.
◈ However this power may not be used in case of every citizen.
◈ It applies only to those, who acquired Indian Citizenship.
◈ This might be because of obtaining citizenship on false documentations etc.