Updated Medieval History Notes: Vijayanagara Empire SSC GK
SSC GK Medieval History Notes: Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagar Empire – Medieval History Study Material & Notes. GK, General Studies, Study notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services, SSC CGL, Railway exams and latest update of Books and Authors of Medieval india etc.
► The Vijayanagar Empire was established by Harihar and Bukka in 1336 AD.
► When they set up this principality, Muhammad bin Tughlaq was the Sultan in Delhi.
► The Vijayanagar period is divided into four different dynasties- Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva and Aravidu.
► It extended from Krishna river to extreme south.
► There were many foreign travelers who visited the Vijayanagar empire, these were – Ibn Batuta (Moroccan), Nicolo de Conti (Venetian), Abdur Razzak (Persian), and Domingo Paes (Portuguese).
Sangam Dynasty (1336-1485)
► Harihar and Bukka were sons of Sangama, feaudatories of Kakatiyas of Warangal.
► The Hoysala kingdom was conquered and hence, the Vijayanagara empire was extended under Harihara.
► Bukka, then succeeded his brother and became the master of Raichur doab after dealing with Bahmani Sultan.
► He destroyed the Madurai Sultans and extended the Empire to the whole of South India.
► The greatest ruler of Sangama dynasty was Deva Raya II.
► During his reign, Abdur Razzak, the envoy of Shah Rukh visited the Vijaynagara kingdom.
Saluva Dynasty (1486-1505 AD)
► Saluva Narsimhan was the founder of Saluva dynasty.
► He silenced the rebellions of feaudatories and kept the kingdom intact.
► Immadi Narsimha succeeded him. He was a weak ruler and hence the control of state fell into the hands of Narsa Nayaka.
► Vasco da Gama landed in Calicut during his time in 1498.
Tuluva Dynasty (1505-1570 AD)
► The son of Narsa Nayaka, Vira Narsimha was the founder of Tuluva dynasty.
► He was succeeded by his half brother, Krishnadeva Raya in 1509 AD.
► Krishnadevaraya won the Gajapati kingdom in present day Orissa and extended the Vijayanagara empire to that region as well.
► He defeated the Deccan Sultans in the battle of Diwani.
► He then invaded Raichur Doab (between Tungabhadra and Krishna river) confronting Sultan of Bijapur, Ismail Adil Shah.
► He also captured Bidar.
► He helped the Portuguese to conquer Goa from the Bijapur rulers.
► Portuguese travelers Domingo Paes and Durate Barbosavisted his court and have left accounts.
► Krishnadevaraya was a contemporary of Babur.
► Vallabhacharya and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the renowned saints of the bhakti movement visited his court.
► Madhwa saint Vyasathirtha was the Rajaguru of Krishnadevaraya.
► He is also known as ‘Andhra Bhoja’, for his patronage of art and literature.
► He was also a scholar, he wrote the Telugu work Amuktamalyada and a Sanskrit play, Jambavati Kalyana.
► In his court, eight eminent scholars known as ‘Astadiggajas’ were patronized, like – Allasani Peddana (Andhra-kavita-pitamaha) and Nandi Thimmanna.
► He built Vijaya Mahal, Hazara Ramaswamy temple and Vitthal Swami temple at Vijayanagar.
► He also built ‘Rayagopurams’. A new city was built called ‘Nagalapuram’ in memory of his queen Nagaladevi.
► Also a reservoir across river Tungabhadra called Vallabapuram and a channel called Basavanna were constructed.
► Acchutadeva suceeded Krishnadeva.
► The later rulers was Sadashiva Raya but defacto ruler then was Rama Raya.
Battle of Rakshasa
► Rama Raya took active part in Muslim politics.
► In 1565 AD, all the Sultanates joined a coalition against Vijayanagara except Berar.
► The Battle of Talikota, also known as Battle of Rakshasa– Tangadi, led to execution of Rama Raya after being taken prisoner.
► Thereafter, the city of Vijayanagar was destroyed and looted.
Aravidu Dynasty (1570-1650 AD)
► Tirumala Raya ruled in name of Sadashiva Raya.
► They failed to repopulate Vijayanagar and shifted to new capital at Penugonda and then to Chandragiri.
► The last ruler of Vijayanagar was Sri Ranga III.