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SSC GK Medieval History Notes: Chalukya Dynasty

SSC GK Medieval History Notes: Chalukya Dynasty

Here we are providing you the History Notes on Chalukya Dynasty which is a very Important Topic of Medieval History for exams like UPSC-prelims, IAS-prelims, SSC, CDS, NDA and Railways etc.

Origin of Chalukyas:

» The Chalukya Dynasty was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. During this period, they ruled as three related, but individual dynasties.

» The earliest dynasty, known as the “Badami Chalukyas“, ruled from their capital Vatapi (modern Badami) from the middle of the 6th century.

» Some writers believe that the Chalukyas were in reality connected with the Chapas and the foreign Gurjara tribes of the north, but there is very little to be said in support of this conjecture.

» The Chalukyas, according to another opinion were a local Kanarese people, who improvised into the ruling Varna under Brahmanical influence.

Pulakesin I (540-567)

» He was the real founder of the Chalukya dynasty of Badami.

» He made Badami or Vatapi as his capital.

» He adopted the title Vallabheshvara and performed the ashvamedha.

Kirtivarman I (566-597)

» Pulakesin I was succeeded by Kirtivarman I who further extended the kingdom by defeating the Mauryas of North-Konkana, the Nalas of Nalavadi (Bellari) and the Kadambas of Banavasi.

» He invaded the territo­ries of Bihar and Bengal in the north and the Chola – Pandya regions in the South.

» Kirtivarman I was succeeded by Mangalesa, his brother.

» Mangalesa established the power of the Chalukyas over the entire region between the two seas and defeated the Kalachuris of Chedi.

Pulakesin II (609-642 A.D.)

» Pulakesin II had to wage a civil war against his uncle, Mangalesa, who refused to hand over the power.

» He adopted the title of Satyashraya.

» The army of Pulakesin II checked the forces of Harshavardhana on the banks of the Narmada.

» His first expedition against the Pallava kingdom, which was then ruled by Mahendravarman I was a complete success, and he annexed Vengi, the northern most territory of the Pallavas.

» Pulakesin’s second invasion of the Pallava territory ended in failure.

» The Pallava King Narasimhavarman I occupied the Chalukya capital at Vatapi, and Pulakesin II was probably killed in fight against the Pallavas.

» Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese pilgrim visited the kingdom of Pulakesin.

» His court poet Ravi Kirti wrote his eulogy in the Aihole inscription.

Vikramaditya I (655-681 A.D.)

» Vikramaditya I was the third son and followed his father, Pulakeshi II on to the Chalukya throne.

» He restored order in the fractured kingdom and made the Pallavas retreat from the capital Vatapi.

Other rulers:

» Vinayaditya (681-693 A.D) reign was generally peaceful and prosperous.

» Vijayaditya (693-673 A.D.), the next ruler had the longest and also the most prosperous and peaceful reign.

» The Chalukyan king Vikramaditya II (733-745 A.D.) is said to have overrun Kanchi three times.

» He completely routed the Pallavas and his victory ended the Pallava supremacy in the far south.

» His reign is also significant for his repulsion of the Arab invasion of south Gujarat.

» The last Chalukyan ruler Kirtivarman II (744-745 A.D.) was defeated by one of their feudatories, Dantidurga, the founder of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, and thus came an end to the Chalukya dynasty of Badami.

Also read:

SSC GK Ancient History Notes: Gupta Dynasty

Complete Ancient History in 5 Minutes

Complete Medieval History in 5 Minutes

Complete modern History in 5 Minutes


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1 Response

  1. August 31, 2018

    […] SSC GK History Notes on Chalukya Dynasty […]

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