SSC GK History Notes: Mauryan Empire
Here, we are providing SSC GK History Notes based on Mauryan Empire. We have covered all the important points which are asked in SSC CHSL, CGL, MTS, CPO & other exams.
◙ Mauryan empire, in ancient India, a state centred at Pataliputra (later Patna) near the junction of the Son and Ganges (Ganga) rivers. It lasted from about 321 to 185 BCE.
◙ It was the first ancient empire in India which unified the different Indian sub regions and established them as a one state.
◙ The main religions of that time were Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. The people had the independence of following any religion.
Chandragupta Maurya (322 – 298 B.C.)
◙ Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire with the help of Chanakya.
◙ He defeated Dhana Nanda and ended the dynasty of Nanda’s.
◙ He unified the Indian subcontinent and established a strong empire.
◙ In 305 BC, he marched against Seleucus Nicator & defeated him.
◙ Seleucus gave Chandragupta eastern Afghanistan, Baluchistan & area west of Indus & in return Chandragupta gifted 500 elephants to Seleucus & married his daughter.
◙ Megasthenes was sent to Mauryan court as a Greek ambassador.
◙ He accepted Jainism at the end of his life.
◙ Greek writer Justin called Chandragupta “Sandrocottus”.
Bindusara (297 – 273 B.C.)
◙ He was son of Chandragupta.
◙ Also called Amitraghata (Slayer of foes) or Amitrochates in Greek sources.
◙ He had appointed his son, Ashoka as the governor of Ujjain.
◙ He conquered Deccan upto Mysore.
◙ Nicator’s successor Antiochus 1 replaced Megasthenes with Deimachus as a Greek ambassador at Mauryan court.
◙ Bindusara appointed Ashoka as the governor of Ujjain.
Ashoka (268 – 232 B.C.)
◙ He was the son of Bindusara.
◙ He included almost entire indian subcontinent in the Maurya empire.
◙ He won the war of Kalinga. It was the turning point of his life. After watching the mass death in the war, he accepted Buddhism and decided to end war.
◙ Ashoka’s 13th Rock Edict describes the Kalinga war vividly.
◙ He was appointed as Dharma Mahapatro to spread Buddhism.
◙ He build Ashok Stambhs to promote Buddhism.
◙ Famous Sanchi Stupa & Sarnath Pillar constitutes to Ashoka’s rein.