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SSC GK Ancient History Notes: Pallava Dynasty

SSC GK Ancient History Notes: Pallava Dynasty

SSC GK Notes: Ancient History important notes on Pallava dynasty. General Studies for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services exams on Pallava Dynasty.

Origin of the Pallavas:

The Pallavas emerged as a formidable power in the South around the 4th century AD and were at the height of their power in the seventh century AD.

Origin of Pallava is disputed while many consider them to natives.

Pallavas established their kingdom in Tondaimandalam with its capital at Kanchipuram.

Simhavishnu (575 – 600 CE)

He is considered the first important Pallava ruler, though Pallavas existed even during the time of Samudragupta’s invasion of south India.

He is credited with capturing the territory of the Cholas and humiliating his other southern neighbours including Ceylon.

He followed Vaishnavism, as is evident from archaeological evidence.

Mahendravarman I (600–630 CE)

He was a poet and composed Vichitrachita and Mahavilasa Prahasana.

He introduced rock cut temple architecture.

Was a Jain who converted to Saivism.

He was defeated by Pulakesin II and a part of his kingdom was occupied.

Mahendravarman died in battle with the Chalukyas.

Narasimhavarman I (630-668 A.D.)

Also known as Mamalla which means ‘great wrestler’.

He is considered the greatest of the Pallava rulers.

Defeated Pulakesin II of western Chalukyas in Battle of Manimangalam near Kanchi.

He captured and destroyed the capital city of Vatapi.

He then assumed the title ‘Vatapikonda’.

He led a Navla expedition to Sri Lanka.

During his reign, Hiuen Tsang visited Kanchipuram.

He called it big and beautiful with one hundred Buddhist monastries with ten thousand buddhist monks.

Narsimhavarman I was the founder of Mamallapuram and monolithic rathas.

He was succeeded by his son Mahendravarman II who ruled from 668 to 670 AD.

Narsimhavarman II (700–729 CE)

Also known as Rajasimha.

His rule was peaceful and offered ample opportunities for development of arts.

Shore temple at Mamallapuram and Kailasanatha at Kanchipuram.

Dandin was a court poet of Rajasimha.

Narsimhavarman II sent embassies to China.

Maritime trade flourished during his reign.

Other Rulers:

After Mahendravarman II, his son Parameswaravarman became the king.

During his rule, Kanchipuram was occupied by the Chalukyas.

There were a few other rulers.

The last ruler of the Pallava dynasty was Aparajitavarman who was killed in battle with the Cholas.

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