SSC GK Ancient History Notes: Gupta Dynasty

SSC GK Ancient History Notes: Gupta Dynasty

Short Notes on Rise and Fall of the Imperial Guptas, here are some very useful History notes on “Gupta Empire and it’s Details”.

The Gupta Dynasty:

  • The Gupta empire was founded by Sri Gupta.
  • He was then succeeded by Ghatotkacha.
  • Not much information is available about their rule of these two Maharajas.
  • Thereafter, following significant rulers from Gupta dynasty ruled during this period.

Chandragupta I (320-330 A.D.)

  • Chandragupta was a powerful Gupta ruler who had waged many battles to attain his title of ‘Maharajadhiraja’.
  • He married a Lichhavi princess Kumardevi, which began the eminence of the Gupta empire.
  • The Mehrauli iron pillar inscriptions has mention of his extensive conquests.
  • He is considered as the founder of the Gupta era.

Samudragupta (330-380 A.D.)

  • He is also known as “Indian Napoleon”. He was the greatest of the rulers of Gupta dynasty.
  • The Allahabad Pillar inscription contains details of his military conquest.
  • He also performed Ashwamedha sacrifices after his military victories.
  • His greatest achievemnt was political unification of India as a formidable force.
  • A Chinese source tells that, the ruler of Sri Lanka, Meghvarman sought permission of Samudragupta to build a Buddhist temple at Bodh Gaya.
  • Samudragupta was called by different names, one of them was ‘Kaviraja’ because of his ability to compose verses. Certain coins show him with a Veena.
  • He patronised poets and scholars like Harisena, and hence played a part in promoting Sanskrit literature.
  • Samudragupta was a follower of Vaishnavism. However, he also patronist the great buddhist scholar Vasubandhu.

Chandragupta II (380-415 A.D.)

  • He is also known as Vikramaditya.
  • His capital city was Pataliputra.
  • He married his daughter Prabhavati to a Vakataka prince, who ruled the strategic lands of deccan.
  • Chandragupta II conquered the western Malwa and Gujarat by defeating the Saka rulers who had ruled for about 4 centuries in the region. This earned him the title of ‘Sakari’ and ‘Vikramaditya’.
  • As a result the Gupta empire gained access to the Arabian sea and opened trade with the western countries.
  • Ujjain became the commercial capital of the kingdom thereafter.
  • In his reign, the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien visited India.
  • His accounts tell of a flourishing Buddhist religion in Chandragupta II’s Reign. However, the Gangetic valley was a ‘land of Brahmanism’.
  • Chandragupta II also patronised art and literature. He has poets like Kalidasa in his court.
  • He also issued silver coins, first Gupta ruler to do so.

 Kumaragupta (415-455 A.D.)

  • He succeeded Chandragupta II.
  • Kumargupta I was a worshipper of Kartikeya.
  • The coins of his time tell that he took titles like: Mahendraditya, Ashwamedha Mahendrah.
  • He laid the foundation of Nalanda University which later grew to become an international centre of learning.

Skandagupta (455-467 A.D.)

  • He was last great ruler of Gupta dynasty.
  • He saved the empire from Hun invasion coming from Central Asia. But these invasions weakened the empire.
  • Details about him are mentioned on the Bhitari Pillar inscription, proclaiming him the title of ‘Vikramaditya’.

The Later Guptas:

  • After the death of Skandagupta, there were other ruler of the Gupta dynasty like Purugupta, Narasimhagupta, Buddhagupta.
  • They were not able to save the empire from Hun invasions.
  • With the rise of Malwa and continuous Hun invasion, the Gupta dynasty totally disappeared.

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2 Responses

  1. Lokesh Meena says:

    i found it very helpful and factual .

  1. August 30, 2018

    […] SSC GK Ancient History Notes: Gupta Dynasty […]

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