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SSC Exams History Notes: Saka Dynasty

SSC Exams History Notes: Saka Dynasty

Here is Ancient history notes on Saka Dynasty, which is useful for upcoming exams like, SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, CPO, UPSC, PSC etc.

Important Facts:

► The indo-Greek rule in India was primarily destroyed by the Sakas.

► Sakas were the Scythians, which refer to ancient Iranian people of horse-riding nomadic pastoralists.

► The invasion by the Central Asian nomadic tribes and tribes from the Chinese region was responsible for the migration of the Sakas towards India.

Important Rulers of Saka Era:

Maues (80 – 65 BC)

► Maues, also known as Moga was the earliest Indo-Scythian king.

► He ruled over Gandhara (present Pakistan and Afghanistan).

► He invaded the Indo-Greek territories but unsuccessfully.

► His capital was at Sirkap (Punjab, Pakistan).

► Many coins issued by Maues have been found. They contain Buddhist and also Hindu symbols. The languages used in these coins were Greek and Kharosthi.

► His son Azes I acquired the remaining Indo-Greek territories by defeating Hippostratos.

Chastana (78 – 130 CE)

► He was a Saka ruler of the Western Kshatrapas (Satraps) dynasty who ruled over Ujjain.

► The Saka Era is believed to have started at his ascension to power in 78 AD.

► Ptolemy mentions him as “Tiasthenes” or “Testenes”.

Rudradaman I (130 – 150 CE)

► He is considered the greatest of the Saka ruler.

► He is from the Western Kshatrapa dynasty.

► He was the grandson of Chastana.

► His kingdom included Konkan, Narmada valley, Kathiawar, other parts of Gujarat and Malwa.

► He conducted the repair work of the Sudarshana Lake at Kathiawar.

► He married a Hindu woman and had converted to Hinduism.

► He also issued the first long inscription in chaste Sanskrit.

► He took up the title of Makakshatrapa after becoming king.

► He maintained marital relationships with the Satavahanas. Vashishtiputra Satakarni was his son-in-law. But he also fought numerous wars with them.

► He regained through conquests most of the territories previously under Nahapana.

► He supported Sanskrit literature and cultural arts.

► It was during Rudradaman’s reign that Yavaneshwara, the Greek writer lived in India and translated the Yavanajataka from Greek to Sanskrit.

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