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SSC CGL GK Notes: Rise of Sikhism

SSC CGL GK Notes: Rise of Sikhism

In this article, we are providing a short notes / important points about Sikhism, about the Founder, their holy book name, last sikh guru etc.

Sikhism: Important Facts

» Sikhism, religion and philosophy founded in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent in the late 15th century.

» Its members are known as Sikhs.

» According to Sikh tradition, Sikhism was established by Guru Nanak (1469–1539) and subsequently led by a succession of nine other Gurus.

Guru Nanak (1469-1538)

» Guru Nanak, from whose teachings the Sikh religion was derived, was born in the village of Talwandi (now called Nankana) in 1469.

» Like Kabir, Nanak also preached a casteless, universal, anti-ritualistic, monotheistic and highly spiritual religion

» He laid great emphasis on the purity of character and con­duct as the first condition of approaching God and the need of a Guru for guidance.

» His catholic approach aimed at bridging distinctions between the Hindus and the Muslims.

» He started free community kitchens called Guru Ka Langar. He died at Kartarpurin 1538.

» After Guru Nanak’s death, his followers founded a new religious sect, Sikhism.

Other Sikh Gurus:

» Guru Angad (1538-52) started the Gurumukhi script. Humayun came to Angad to get his blessings.

» Guru Amardas (1552-74), the third Guru reformed the institution or langar.

» Guru Ramdas (1575-81), the fourth Guru, was given the site of Har-Mandir at Amritsar by Akbar.

» Guru Arjun (1581-1606) compiled the Adi Granth (later called Granth Sahib) and also completed the construction of Har-Mandir at Amritsar. He was executed by Jahangir.

» Guru Hargobind (1606-44) titled himself Saccha Padshah and introduced militancy among the Sikhs. He built the Akal Takht.

» Guru HarRai (1644-61).

» Guru Har Kishan (1661-64).

» Guru Tegh Bahadur (1664-75) was executed by Aurangzeb at Delhi.

» Guru Gobind Singh (1675-1708) the 10th and the last Guru of the Sikhs established the Khalsa in 1699 and organised the Sikhs into a militancy sect.

He was stabbed to death in Deccan at Nanded by a Pathan.

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