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SSC CGL Ancient History Notes: Kushana Empire

SSC CGL Ancient History Notes: Kushana Empire

Ancient History GS Notes for SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services exams on Kushana Rulers of Ancient India.

The Kushana Empire

» The Kushanas had originally belonged to the regions of western China.

» They are also known as the ‘Yueh chis’.

» The Kushanas defeated the Shakas and the Pallavas/Parthinians and went on to create a big empire in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern parts of India.

» The first important ruler of the Kushana dynasty was ‘Kujula Kadphises’ or Kadphises I (AD 30-AD 80).

» He occupied the valley of Kabul and had also issued coins in his name.

» He was then succeeded by his son, Wima Kadphises or Kadphises II (AD 95-AD 127).

» He had conquered the areas of Northern India till Mathura.

» He had issued coins proclaiming himself as a Shiva devotee and as the ruler of whole world.

» There after the Kushana empire was ruled by Kanishka.

Kanishka (127 AD – 151 AD)

» He is considered the most important ruler of the Kushana dynasty.

» Kanishka was the greatest of all the rulers of Kushana.

» His main capital was Peshawar, then known as Purushpura.

» After the capture of Pataliputra, he is said to have taken away the Buddhist monk Ashvaghosha with him to Peshawar.

» The scholars in his court included Parsva, Ashvaghosha, Vasumitra, Nagarjuna, Charaka and Mathara.

» He also patronised the Greek engineer Agesilaus.

» Kanishka convened the fourth Buddhist Council at Kundalvana in Kashmir.

» He patronised Buddhism although he was very tolerant in his religious views.

» His coins contain a mix of Indian, Greek and Zoroastrian deities.

» He was also a patron of art and architecture. The Gandhara School of art flourished under him.

» He also propagated Mahayana form of Buddhism and he was largely responsible for » propagating it in China.

Significance of the Kushana Empire

» Sanskrit literature began to be developed during this time.

» The fourth Buddhist council was held in Sanskrit.

» Ashvaghosha is considered to be the first Sanskrit dramatist.

» Trade prospered between India and China, and India and the Roman Empire.

» The Kushanas controlled large parts of the Silk Route which led to the propagation of Buddhism into China.

» It was during this time that Buddhism began to spread to Korea and Japan also.

» Kushanas were foreign invaders to begin with, but they were completely indianised in ways and culture.

» It is said that the Kushana period in Indian history was a perfect forerunner to the golden age of the Guptas.

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  1. August 31, 2018

    […] SSC CGL Ancient History Notes: Kushana Empire […]

  2. September 10, 2018

    […] SSC CGL Ancient History Notes: Kushana Empire […]

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