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SSC GK: Short Notes on Mughal Empire (Part-1)

SSC GK: Short Notes on Mughal Empire (Part-1)

Read here complete SSC GK History Notes for SSC CGL Tier I, CHSL Tier I 2018 & other SSC Exams. Get all important facts related to Mughal Empire.

Babur (1526-1530)

* Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire.

* His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad.

* He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat (1526) and established Mughal rule in India.

* He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua (1527) near Agra.

* He then assumed the title of ‘Ghazi’.

* Babur also defeated the Afghans in battle of Gogra in Bihar.

* Babur wrote his memoirs in Tuzuk-i-Baburi in Turkish language, describing the flora and fauna of India.

Humayun (1530-1540 & 1555-56)

* After the death of Babur, his son Humayun ascended the throne in 1530.

* His first confrontation was with Sher Khan (later known as Sher Shah) at Chunat in 1532.

* Sher Shah defeated him in the Battle of Chausa (1539) as well as in the Battle of Kannauj (1540). After that, he fled from India.

* After Sher Shah’s death, he invaded and defeated the brothers of Sher Shah and once again became the ruler of India.

* Humayunama, his biography, was written by his sister, Gulbadan Begum.

Akbar (1556-1605)

* Akbar was the third Mughal emperor and one of the most famous emperors of Indian history.

* He was born on October 14, 1542 in Sindh (now in Pakistan).

* He was the son of Mughal emperor Humayan. His father named him Jalal-ud-din Muhammad.

* After the death of Humayan, Akbar was made the shahanshah at the age of 13. Bairam Khan became his teacher and guardian of his empire.

* With the help of Bairam Khan, Akbar defeated Hemu in Second Battle of Panipat (1556).

* There were nine jewels in his court- Abdul Rahim, Abdul Fazal, Birbal, Faizi, Hamim Human, Raja Man Singh, Shaikh Mubarak, Tansen, Todar Mal.

* Akbar married the Rajput Princess Jodha Bai, the daughter of Raja Bharmal.

* He abolished the Pilgrim tax and later the Jizya.

* In 1575, Akbar built Ibadat Khana (House of worship) at his new capital Fatehpur Sikri.

* Mugahl Army defeated Rana Pratap Singh in the battle of Haldighati (1576).

* In 1579, he delivered the “Infallibility Decree” and proclaimed his religious powers.

* He propagated a new religion called Din-i Ilahi or Divine Faith.

* He introduced land revenue system – Zabti or Bandobast system or Dahsala System.

* Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system in his administration.

* Many architectural masterpieces were built at his time like Agra Fort (1565), Lahore Palace(1572), Fatehpur Sikri, Bulan Darwaza and Allahabad fort (1583).

* At the age of 63, He died at Fatehpur Sikri, Agra.

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