List of Scientific Instruments and their usage

List of Scientific Instruments and their usage

Here, we are providing an important List of Scientific Instruments and their usage which are important for SSC CGL, Railways, CHSL 2018 & other exams.

1. Altimeter: An instrument used for measuring altitudes in aircraft.

2. Ammeter: An instrument for measuring electric currents in amperes.

3. Anemometer: An instrument for measuring the force and velocity of wind.

4. Audiometer:An instrument for measuring the intensity of sound.

5. Audiophone: An instrument for improving imperfect sense of hearing.

6. Barometer: An apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure.

7. Calorimeter: An instrument used for measuring quantities of heat.

8. Carburettor: An apparatus used in an internal combustion engine for charging air with petrol vapour.

9. Cardiograph:A medical instrument for tracing heart movements.

10. Chronometer:An instrument kept on board ships for measuring accurate time.

11. Crescograph:It is used for measuring growth in plants.

12. Dynamo:The origin of electricity in a dynamo is the transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy.

13. Galvanometer: An instrument for measuring electric currents of small magnitude.

14. Hydrometer:An instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids.

15. Hydrophone:An instrument for recording sound under water.

16. Hygrometer:An instrument for measuring humidity in air.

17. Lactometer:An Instrument for measuring the relative density of milk.

18. Manometer:An instrument for measuring the pressure of a gases.

19. Mariner’s compass: An apparatus used by sailors to know the direction. The needle always points north-south.

20. Microphone:An instrument used for converting sound waves into electrical vibrations and to magnify the sound.

21. Microscope:An instrument used for magnifying minute objects by a lens system.

22. Odometer:An instrument by which the distance covered by wheeled vehicles is measured.

23. Phonograph:An instrument for reproducing sound.

24. Photometer:It is an instrument for measuring the intensity of light; a device for comparing the luminous intensity of sources of light.

25. Polarimeter: An instrument used for measuring optical activity.

26. Pyrometer:An instrument for recording high temperatures from a great distance.

27. Radar:It is an abbreviated form of Radio, Angle, Direction and Range. It is used for detecting the direction and range of an approaching plane by means of radio microwaves.

28. Rain Gauge:An apparatus for recording rainfall at a particular place.

29. Radiometer:An instrument for measuring the emission of radiant energy.

30. Refractometer:An instrument to measure refractive indexes.

31. Seismometer:An instrument for recording earthquake shocks.

32. Sextant:An instrument used for measuring the altitude of the sun and other heavenly bodies.

33. Spectrometer:An instrument for measuring the energy distribution of a particular type of radiation.

34. Speedometer:An instrument which indicates the speed at which a vehicle is moving.

35. Spherometer:An instrument for measuring curvature of surfaces.


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1 Response

  1. Prakhar singh says:

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