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Profit and Loss Questions and Answers for SSC and Bank

IMPORTANT FACTS

Cost Price:

The price, at which an article is purchased, is called its cost price, abbreviated as C.P.

Selling Price:

The price, at which an article is sold, is called its selling prices, abbreviated as S.P.

Profit or Gain:

If S.P. is greater than C.P., the seller is said to have a profit or gain.

Loss:

If S.P. is less than C.P., the seller is said to have incurred a loss.

IMPORTANT FORMULAE

    1. Gain = (S.P.) – (C.P.)
    2. Loss = (C.P.) – (S.P.)
    3. Loss or gain is always reckoned on C.P.
    4. Gain Percentage: (Gain %)

Gain /Profit% =

    1. Loss Percentage: (Loss %)=
    2. Selling Price: (S.P.)
    3. Cost Price: (C.P.)

    1. If an article is sold at a gain of say 35%, then S.P. = 135% of C.P.
    2. If an article is sold at a loss of say, 35% then S.P. = 65% of C.P.

1-An article is bought for Rs.600 and sold for Rs.500, find the loss percent?

कोई वस्तु  600 रुपये में खरीदी  जाती  है और 500 रुपये में बेची  जाती  है, हानि प्रतिशत ज्ञात करें?

    1. 16 (4/3)%
    2. 100/3%
    3. 16%
    4. 16(2/3)%

2-A man buys an item at Rs. 1200 and sells it at the loss of 20 percent. Then what is the selling price of that item?

एक आदमी किसी वस्तु को Rs। 1200 में खरीदता है और २०% के हानि पर बेच देता है ।    तो वस्तु का विक्रय मूल्य क्या है ?

    1. Rs. 860
    2. Rs. 960
    3. Rs. 760
    4. Rs. 660

3-If the cost price is 25% of selling price. Then what is the profit percent?

यदि लागत मूल्य विक्रय मूल्य का 25% है। फिर लाभ प्रतिशत क्या है?

    1. 350%
    2. 200%
    3. 300%
    4. 150%

4-If the cost price of a certain object doubles, then the loss gets tripled of what it was initially. The initial loss % was ?

यदि किसी निश्चित वस्तु की लागत मूल्य दोगुनी हो जाती है, तो नुकसान तीन गुना हो जाता है। प्रारंभिक नुकसान% था?

    1. 0%
    2. 50%
    3. 75%
    4. 25%

एक दुकानदार को अपने C.P पर 45/2% का लाभ होने की उम्मीद है। यदि उसका बिक्री मूल्य रु 392 है तो   फिर उसका लाभ ज्ञात करें5-A shopkeeper expects a gain of 45/2 % on his C.P. If his sale was Rs. 392, then find his profit.

    1. Rs. 76
    2. Rs. 74
    3. Rs. 72
    4. Rs. 70

6-Selling an article at a profit of 20%, Aman gets Rs. 400 more than selling at a loss of 20%. The cost price of the article is?

20% के लाभ पर एक वास्तु को  बेचने पर , अमन  20% की हानि पर बेचने से रु 400 अधिक पाता है । वास्तु  की लागत मूल्य क्या है?

    1. Rs.1000
    2. Rs.1210
    3. Rs.1140
    4. Rs. 1020

7-The profit earned by selling an article for Rs.753 is equal to the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs.455.What should be the sale price for making a 50% profit?

Rs.753 में  एक वस्तु  को बेचने से अर्जित लाभ, उस नुकसान के बराबर है जब उसी  वस्तु  को Rs.455 में  बेचा जाता है। 50% लाभ बनाने के लिए बिक्री मूल्य क्या होना चाहिए?

    1. Rs.906
    2. Rs.896
    3. Rs.955
    4. Rs.855

8-A man purchases two articles, on selling one at loss of 20% while the other at a profit of 25%, he gains the overall profit of 5% then find the ratio of their selling price?

एक आदमी दो वस्तुएं  खरीदता है, एक को 20% की हानि पर जबकि दूसरी को  25% के लाभ पर बेचता है,इस प्रकार उसे पूरे व्यापार में  5% लाभ प्राप्त करता है तो दोनों विक्रय मूल्य का अनुपात ज्ञात करो-

    1. 8: 62.5
    2. 55 : 8
    3. 8: 65
    4. 64.4 : 9

9-If the cost price of 12 pens is equal to the selling price of 8 pens, the gain percent is ?

यदि 12 पेन की लागत मूल्य 8 पेन की बिक्री मूल्य के बराबर है, तो लाभ प्रतिशत है?

    1. 12%
    2. 30%
    3. 50%
    4. 60%

10-On selling 17 balls at Rs. 720, there is a loss equal to the cost price of 5 balls. The cost price of a ball is ?

Rs. 720 में  17 गेंदों को बेचने पर होने वाली हानि 5 गेंदों के क्रयमूल्य के बराबर है , तो एक गेंद का क्रय मूल्य ज्ञात करो-

    1. Rs. 55
    2. Rs. 60
    3. Rs. 70
    4. Rs. 65

11-The cash difference between the selling prices of an article at a profit of 4% and 6% is Rs 3. The ratio of two selling prices is:

4% और 6% के लाभ पर एक वस्तु की बिक्री की कीमतों के बीच नकद अंतर ३रु है तो  दोनों विक्रय मूल्यों का अनुपात है-

    1. 51:52
    2. 52:53
    3. 53:54
    4. 54:55

12-When a women sells 20 articles for Rs. 160, there is 40% loss. How many articles should she sell for Rs. 240 in order to earn 20% profit ?

जब एक महिला 160रुपये में  20 वस्तुएं  बेचती है ,तो उसे  40% नुकसान होता  है।  उसे 240रुपये में कितनी वस्तुएं बेचनी चाहिए जिससे उसे  20% लाभ हो?

    1. 16
    2. 15
    3. 17
    4. 14

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