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Powers & Duties of the President of India

Powers & Duties of the President of India

Read the complete SSC GK Polity Notes based on the Powers & Duties of the President of India for upcoming SSC CHSL 2017-18, CGL 2018 Tier I and other exams.

The President of India is the Head of State of India, and the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The primary duty of the President is to preserve, protect, and defend the constitution and the law of India.

1. Executive PowerAll executive actions are taken in his name. He has power to appoint:-

→ The Prime Minister

→ Attorney General for India

→ The Comptroller and Auditor General of India

→ The Judges of the Supreme Court

→ The Judges of High Court of States

→ The Governors of States

→ Members of Union and Joint Public Service Commission

→ The members of Finance Commission

→ The Chief Election Commissioner and members of election commission.

2. Legislative PowerPresident is an integral part of Indian Parliament. In this respect:-

→ He can prorogue or summon the houses of Parliament, dissolve the Lok Sabha and summon the Joint session of the two houses of Parliament in case of a deadlock.

→ He gives his assent to all bills passed by the Parliament to become a law.

→ He addresses either or both houses of Parliament, at the first session of the lower house after each general election and at the commencement of first session each year.

→ He has power to send messages to either house of Parliament which the House must consider.

3. Military PowerThe President is the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence forces. However, the exercise of his power is to be regulated by law of the Parliament.

4. Judicial PowerThe President is accorded the power to grant pardon, reprieve, respite, remission of punishment in cases of:-

→ Court Martial

→ Offences against laws made under the Union and Concurrent lists

→ Death sentences.

He also appoints judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts through an integrated consultative process.

5. Diplomatic PowerAs the highest constitutional dignitary, the President appoints ambassadors to foreign countries and receives diplomatic delegates of foreign countries.

6. Financial PowerIt is President who causes to lay before the Parliament, the annual budget. Money Bill can be introduced only with his prior recommendation.

7. Emergency PowerPresident is assigned three kinds of emergency powers under Article 352, 356 and 360.

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2 Responses

  1. September 3, 2018

    […] Powers & Duties of the President of India […]

  2. September 10, 2018

    […] Powers & Duties of the President of India […]

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