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Polity : President of India

Important Facts : –

  • According to Article 52, there shall be a President of India who will be the “First citizen of India”.
  • Tenure of the office is 5 years.
  • According to Article 53(2) President is the ‘supreme Commander’ of the defense forces of the Union
  • First President was “Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Present president of India is “Shri Ramnath Kovind”.
  • According to Article 55, President is indirectly elected by an “electoral college” by means of single transferable vote system.

 Qualifications : –

  • He must be a citizen of India.
  • Minimum age: 35 years.
  • Qualified for election as a member of Lok-Sabha
  • Must not hold any office of Profit.
  • President submits his/her resignation in writing to the vice President of India.

 power of the President:-

  1. Administrative powers: –
  • President is the formal head of the administration.
  • He have the power to appoint and remove higher dignitaries like Prime minister, CAG, Chairman & members of UPSC, Attorney- General, Chief Justice, Governor of state, Chief election commission etc.
  1. Military powers:-
  • He is supreme commander of the defence forces.
  • He has various powers but the parliament can regulate or control the usage of such powers mentioned in Article 53(2).
  1. Legislative Powers:-
  • President has the power to summon or discontinue the houses of the parliament.
  • He addresses both houses of the parliament in a joint session after each general elections of Lok-Sabha for the 1st
  • 12 Members are nominated by the President in the RajyaSabha from the fields of science, Literature, Art and Social Service.

      4. Emergency Powers :

  • President has extra power to deal with the situations of emergency.
  1. Pardoning Powers : –
  • President as well as Governors have the powers to grant pardon.
  • Commutation : – In this, president can substitute one form of punishment into another form of punishment into another form of punishment of lighter character.
  • Remission:- President can reduce the amount of sentence without changing its character.
  • Respite :- Is this power, president has right to award a lesser sentence instead of the penalty prescribed.
  • Reprieve – President has the right to make a stay on the execution of a sentence.

        Impeachment :

  • It is a Quasi-Judicial procedure of the Parliament.
  • According to Article 61(1), the only ground for the impeachment is “Violation” of the constitution of India.
  • It can be imposed only once in a term period of 5 year.
  • It has never occurred in India.




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2 Responses

  1. Raj kumar says:

    Sir hindi me bhi dalo plz

  2. Anshu says:

    Sir ho sake to sath mai trick bhi likho ….. Fayada hoga yaad krne mai… 🙂🙂

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