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POLITY : Preamble of Indian Constitution

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Important Points:

  • Our preamble is the preface or the Introduction of our constitution
  • It is also known as key/soul of our constitution
  • It is based on “Objective Resolution” given by J. L. Nehru
  • It was amended by the 42nd amendment in 1976 in which 3 words – Socialist, secular and Integrity. Were added
  • It is not enforceable in a court of Law. In case of a doubt Supreme Court refers to it.

Important Keywords: –

  1. Sovereign

  • It means we are completely independent and not controlled by any outside forces.
  • We do not involve in any groups. (But India is a member of Commonwealth with its own choice)
  1. Republic: – 

  • It means a form of government whose head of state is elected and is not a monarch.
  • This idea has been taken from France
  1. Democratic:-

  • It means all people are same and anybody can participate in the Government.
  • If the people, by the people, for the people
  1. Justice : –

  • According to this every person is equal in terms of Justice.
  1. Liberty : –

  • According to this every citizen of India has the freedom of choice.
  1. Equality :-

  • Equality means “The state of being equal.”
  • Ex. No castism, every citizen is equal.
  1. Socialist :-

  • According to this, India advocates or follows the principles of socialism
  • Its main aim is to make rich and poors equal.
  1. Secular :-

  • According to this there is no particular religion of state
  • And state will never interfere in one’s religion.

    9.  Integrity :-

  • According to this every state is a part of India

Previous year questions based on preamble :

Q.1      Which of the following term is not used in the preamble of Indian constitution?

(a) Sovereign Democratic Republic

(b) Socialist

(c) Federal

(d) Secular

Ans. (c)   Exp.     According to Preamble of India, India is a sovereign, socialist, secular, Democratic and Republic country.

  • No where the word ‘Federal’ is used.

Q.2       Name the 1st country which adopted Preamble for its written constitution?

(a) U.S.A

(b) Britain

(c) India

(d) Canada

Ans. (a) Exp.    –   USA was the 1st country followed by India to adopt preamble for its written constitution.

Q.3       For which of the Judgments of Supreme Court of India, The Ksavananda Bharti Vs State of India case is considered as landmark?

(a)  The religion cannot be mobilized for political ends

(b) Right of life and Liberty cannot be suspended ends.

(c) Abolishing untouchability from the country.

(d) The basic structure of the constitution, as defined in the preamble, cannot be changed.

Ans.(d) Exp.     Kesavanadada Bharti Vs state of Kerala case, In 1973 supreme court has given the jugement that the Basic structure of Constitution (amending of Fundamental Rights) cannot be amended, thereby limiting the power of parliament.

Q.4       Where is the objective of “social Justice” articulated in the constitution?

(a) Article – 14

(b) Preamble

(c) Article -15

(d) Article – 16

Ans. (b) Exp:-    Preamble has given us objectives for social, political and economic justice.

Q.5       What is meant by “secular state” as mentioned in Indian Constitution?

(a) Religions are patronized by the state

(b) Religious worship is not allowed

(c) The state regards religions as a private affairs of the citizen and does not discriminate on this basis.

(d) None of these

Ans. (c) Exp.     “Secular state’ does not mean that India is non-religious or anti-relgious.

  • It simply means that state has no religion of its own and it the private affair of citizens
  • It follows principle of “Sarva Dharma Samabhava.”.

 

 

 

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