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Polity Notes: Important Constitutional Posts & their Tenure

Polity Notes: Important Constitutional Posts & their Tenure

This article gives you information about the persons holding the highest offices as well as respectable positions at the Executive, Judiciary, and Legislature levels in the country.

President (Article 52)

Elected by:

  • Elected Members of both houses of Parliament.
  • Elected Members of Legislative assemblies of state and UTs.

Removal:

  • Removed by All the members of Parliament (Both nominated and elected).
  • More than 2/3rd of total member of house should vote in favour of removal (Impeachment, Article 61).
  • Tenure: 5 years

Vice President (Article 63)

Elected by: All members of Parliament.

Removal:

  • Resolution for removal of Vice President always initiated in Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha passed it by Absolute Majority.
  • After Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha will pass it by Simple majority.
  • Tenure: 5 years

Attorney General of India (Article76)

  • Appointed by: President
  • Removal: President
  • Tenure: no specified time period

Speaker (Article 93)

  • Appointed by: Elected by members of Lok Sabha by Absolute Majority.
  • Removal: Removed by Lok Sabha by Absolute Majority
  • Tenure: 5 years

Deputy Speaker (Article 93)

  • Appointed by: Elected by members of Lok Sabha by Absolute Majority.
  • Removal: Removed by Lok Sabha by Absolute Majority
  • Tenure: 5 years

Judges of Supreme Court (Article 124)

  • Appointed by: President after suggestion given by Judicial collegium.
  • Removal: Special Majority
  • Tenure: Till attain 65 years of age

Governor (Article 153)

  • Appointed by: President
  • Removal: President
  • Tenure: 5 years

Comptroller and Auditor General of India (Article 148)

  • Appointed by: President
  • Removal: Special Majority
  • Tenure: 6 years

High court judge (Article 217)

  • Appointed by: Every Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal after consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State
  • Removal: Special Majority
  • Tenure: Till attain 62 years of age

Judges of District Court (Article 233)

  • Appointed by: Governor
  • Removal: Governor
  • Tenure: Retirement age of that state

Finance Commissioner (Article 280)

  • Appointed by: President
  • Removal: President
  • Tenure: 5 years

Members of UPSC (Article 315, 316)

  • Appointed by: President
  • Removal: President
  • Tenure: 6 years or till attain 65 years of age

Election commission of India (Article 324)

  • Appointed by: President
  • Removal: Special Majority (Only chief election commissioner), other two commissioners are removed by President
  • Tenure: 6 years or till attain 65 years of age
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