sources of constitution, Constitution, UPSC Exam Preparation

Nature and Sources of the Constitution

Nature and Sources of the Constitution

Indian Polity Sources of Constitution – Learn everthing Indian Polity for exams such as SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, CPO, UPSC, PCS, Railway etc.

Nature of the Indian Constitution:

  1. Lengthiest Written Constitution
  2. Blend of rigidity and flexibility
  3. federal system (with Strong Centre)
  4. Parliament sovereignty with Judicial Supremacy
  5. Integrated and Independent judiciary
  6. Single citizenship
  7. Independent bodies (eg election commission)
  8. Secular State
  9. Three tier Government
  10. Universal Adult Franchise
  11. includes ( fundamental rights, fundamental duties , Directives principles)

Major sources of Indian Constitution:

1. The United Kingdom

  • President (Nominal Head)
  • Cabinet System of Ministers
  • Parliamentary type of Government
  • Post of Prime Minister
  • Bicameral Parliament
  • Council of Ministers
  • Provision of Speaker in Lok Sabha Legislation
  • Citizenship
  • Writs

2. The United States

  • Preamble
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Independent Judiciary
  • Judicial Review
  • Impeachment of President
  • Removal of Judges (of Supreme Court & High Courts)
  • Functions of Vice-President

3. Canada

  • Federal System (with strong Center)
  • Residuary powers in the Center
  • Appointment of Governors (in states) by the Center
  • Advisory Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

4. Australia

  • Principle of co-operative federalism
  • Freedom of Inter-State trade
  • Trade and Commerce
  • Concurrent List
  • Joint siting of the two Houses of Parliament

5. Ireland

  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Presidential Election
  • Nominating the members of Rajya Sabha

6. France

  • Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity in the Preamble
  • Republic

7. Russia

  • Fundamental Duties
  • Idea of Social, Economic, and Political Justice in Preamble

8. South Africa

  • Procedure for amendment
  • Election of Rajya Sabha members

9. Germany

  • Emergency powers to be enjoyed by the Union
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency

10. Japan

  • Procedure Established by Law

11. Govt. of India Act 1935

  • The federal scheme
  • Role of federal judiciary
  • Office of the Governor
  • Emergency provisions
  • Public Service Commissions
  • Administrative details

President of India: Short Notes

Eligibility to become the President of India

Powers & Duties of the President of India

Impeachment of the President: Short Note

 

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6 Responses

  1. siddhartha dhagat says:

    please provide pdf

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