Major Islands of the World (Part-2)

Major Islands of the World (Part-2)

Here, we are giving a list of the Major Islands of the World that will help the readers for enhancing GK for competitive exams like SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, CPO, Railway etc.

Victoria (Arctic Ocean – Canada) 

  • It is the 9th largest island in the world.
  • The surrounding region is administered and supplied from Cambridge Bay on the island’s south-east coast.

Ellesmere (Arctic Ocean – Canada) 

  • It was discovered in 1616 by William Baffin.
  • Fort Conger was the base from which Robert Peary led the first expedition to reach the North Pole in 1909.

Sulawesi (West mid Pacific – Indonesia) 

  • Formerly known as Celebes.
  • It is situated between Borneo and Maluku islands.
  • In Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo, and Papua are larger in territory.

Mindanao (West mid Pacific – Philippines)     

  • It is the second largest and easternmost island of Philippines.
  • The island of Mindanao is called The Land of Promise.
  • Mindanao is the only area of Philippines with a significant Muslim population.
  • A guerrilla war is ongoing on this island.

South Island (New Zealand)

  • It is dominated by the Southern Alps which stretch along its western coast and rise to 3764 m at Mt. Cook, New Zealand’s highest peak.
  • It was sighted by the Dutch navigator Tasman in 1642, and named after the Netherlands province of Zeeland.

Java (Indonesia)

  • It is the most populous island of the world.
  • Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia is located along the west Java.
  • Formed mostly as the result of volcanic events.
  • Its highest elevation (Semeru) is 3676 m.

North Island (New Zealand)

  • Lying in the South Pacific, it is the second largest island of New Zealand.
  • Active volcanism occurs in the central region of North Island, with many hot springs, and geysers.

Luzon (Philippines)

  • It is the largest and economically and politically important island of Philippines.
  • Manila, the capital of Philippines, is located on this island.

Newfoundland (North Atlantic – Canada) 

  • It was explored by John Cabot in 1497.
  • It is a former colony of United Kingdom.
  • It became the tenth province to the Confederation on 31st March, 1949, named simply as Newfoundland.

Cuba (Caribbean Sea – Republic)

  • Spanish is the main language.
  • Havana, the capital and largest city of Cuba, is located on this island.
  • Cuba has a rainy, tropical climate.
  • Sugarcane is the main crop of Cuba which occupies about 60 per cent of the cultivated land.

Iceland (North Atlantic – Republic)  

  • Located between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean.
  • Iceland is an enormous plateau with an average altitude of 500 metres.
  • Reykjavik is the capital and primate city of the country.
  • About 96 per cent of Icelanders are the descendants of Norwegian, Scottish and Irish immigrants and are Protestants by faith.

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