List of British Governor Generals of India: Part-1

List of British Governor Generals of India: Part-1

Here is the list of Governor Generals of India and important reforms. This is very important GK topic for every competitive exams, such as SSC, UPSC, PCS, RAILWAYS etc.

1. Warren Hastings (1772-1785)

  • First Governor General of India.
  • By the Regulating Act of 1773, brought the Dual government system to an end.
  • Establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district.
  • In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies.
  • He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.

2. Sir John Macpherson (1785-1786)

  • He held the post temporarily.

3. Lord Cornwallis (1786-1793)

  • Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari system). 
  • He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent.
  • Introduction of Civil Services in India.

4. Sir John Shore (1793-1798)

  • He followed policy of non-intervention.
  • Introduced Charter Act of 1793.

5. Lord Wellesley (1798-1805)

  • He adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance, a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power.
  • He opened College to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta. So, Known as the Father of Civil Services in India.
  • He founded the Fort William College at Calcutta.

6. Sir George Barlow (1805-1807)

  • The important event which took place in his time was Mutiny of Vellore in 1806 in which the Indian soldiers killed many English officials.

7. Lord Minto (1807-1813)

  • He concluded the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

8. Lord Hastings (1812-1823)

  • He ended the policy of non-intervention, which was followed by Sir John Shore.
  • He abolished the censorship of press.Introduced Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay.

9. Lord Amherst (1823-1828)

  • His tenure was known for First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26) and Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824)

10. Lord William Bentick (1828-1835)

  • He carried out social reforms such as abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy, Suppression of Thuggee.
  • Established first Medical College in Calcutta.
  • He made English as the language of higher education.
  • He also suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.

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