Important Vocab Words Compilation For SSC CGL And Bank Exam 2020-21

 

 

(VOCABULARY)

 

    1. Enthuse (Verb) –उत्साही बनना

Meaning: express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something.

Synonyms: rave, be enthusiastic, gush

Antonyms: bore, deaden, dull

Usage: “they both enthused over my new look”

 

2. Desperation (Noun) – निराशा की स्थिति

Meaning: a state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.

Synonyms: hopelessness, despair, distress

Antonyms: hope, hopefulness, advantage

Usage: “she wrote to him in desperation”

 

3. Devouring (Verb) – भक्षण

Meaning: destroy completely.

Synonyms: destroy, consume, engulf

Antonyms: renewing, replacing, building

Usage: “the hungry flames devoured the old house”

 

4. Whittled (Verb) – छांटे जाते हैं

Meaning: reduce something in size, amount, or extent by a gradual series of steps.

Synonyms: erode, wear away, eat away

Antonyms: increase, augment, dodderer

Usage: “the shortlist of fifteen was whittled down to five”

 

    1. Eroding (Verb) –धीरे-धीरे नष्ट होना

Meaning: gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed.

Synonyms: wear away/down, abrade, scrape away

Antonyms: contributing, fortifying, gentle

Usage: “this humiliation has eroded what confidence Jean has”

 

    1. Spur (Noun) –प्रोत्साहन

Meaning: a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.

Synonyms: stimulus, incentive, encouragement

Antonyms: disincentive, discouragement, despondency

Usage: “wars act as a spur to practical invention”

 

    1. Succour (Noun) –परेशानी में सहायता

Meaning: assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.

Synonyms: aid, help, a helping hand

Antonyms: hindrance, obstruction, opposition

Usage: “the wounded had little chance of succour”

 

    1. Imperative (Adjective) –महत्वपूर्ण

Meaning: of vital importance; crucial.

Synonyms: vitally important, of vital importance, all-important

Antonyms: unimportant, optional, Facultative

Usage: “immediate action was imperative”

 

    1. Liability (Noun) –देयता

Meaning: the state of being legally responsible for something.

Synonyms: accountability, responsibility, legal responsibility

Antonyms: immunity, defensive, parry

Usage: “once you contact the card protection scheme your liability for any loss ends”

 

    1. Contingent (Adjective) –आकस्मिक

Meaning: subject to chance.

Synonyms: chance, accidental, fortuitous

Antonyms: predictable, formulaic, formularized, obvious

Usage: “the contingent nature of the job”

 

    1. Falter (Verb) – लड़खड़ाना

Meaning: lose strength or momentum.

Synonyms: hesitate, delay, drag one’s feet

Antonyms: conclude, decide, reach

Usage: “the music faltered, stopped, and started up again”

 

    1. Pruning (Verb) –छंटाई

Meaning: reduce the extent of (something) by removing superfluous or unwanted parts.

Synonyms: reduce, cut, cut back

Antonyms: increase, enlargement, expansion

Usage: “the workforce was pruned”

 

    1. Eroding (Verb) –धीरे-धीरे नष्ट होना

Meaning: gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed.

Synonyms: wear away/down, abrade, scrape away

Antonyms: contributing, fortifying, gentle

Usage: “this humiliation has eroded what confidence Jean has”

 

    1. Spur (Noun) –प्रोत्साहन

Meaning: a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.

Synonyms: stimulus, incentive, encouragement

Antonyms: disincentive, discouragement

Usage: “wars act as a spur to practical invention”

 

    1. Succour (Noun) –परेशानी में सहायता

Meaning: assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.

Synonyms: aid, help, a helping hand

Antonyms: hindrance, obstruction, opposition

Usage: “the wounded had little chance of succour”

 

    1. Imperative (Adjective) –महत्वपूर्ण

Meaning: of vital importance; crucial.

Synonyms: vitally important, of vital importance, all-important

Antonyms: unimportant, optional

Usage: “immediate action was imperative”

    1. Reinforced (Verb) –प्रबलित करना

Meaning: strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

Synonyms: strengthen, fortify, bolster up

Antonyms: fragile, crumbling, decaying

Usage: “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

 

    1. Outsmarts (Verb) –चतुरता में मात देना

Meaning: defeat or get the better of (someone) by being clever or cunning.

Synonyms: outwit, out-think, outmanoeuvre

Antonyms: aids, assists, explains

Usage: “the hero is invariably outsmarted by the heroine”

 

    1. Façade (Noun) –जावक उपस्थिति

Meaning: a deceptive outward appearance.

Synonyms: show, front, appearance

Antonyms: character, personality, reality

Usage: “her flawless public facade masked private despair”

 

    1. Discordant (Adjective) –बेताल

Meaning: disagreeing or incongruous.

Synonyms: in disagreement, at variance, at odds

Antonyms: in agreement, harmonious, compatible

Usage: “the operative principle of democracy is a balance of discordant qualities”

    1. Flaking (Verb) –छीलना

Meaning: come or fall away from a surface in flakes.

Synonyms: peel off, peel, chip, crust

Antonyms: smooth, soft, smarm

Usage: “the paint had been flaking off for years”

 

    1. Spurt (Noun) –जोरदार धारा में बह जाना

Meaning: gush out in a sudden and forceful stream.

Synonyms: squirt, shoot, spray

Antonyms: continuity, peace, trickle

Usage: “he cut his finger, and blood spurted over the sliced potatoes”

 

    1. Sagacious (Adjective) –मेधावी

Meaning: having or showing keen mental discernment and good judgement; wise or shrewd.

Synonyms: wise, clever, intelligent

Antonyms: stupid, foolish, flapdoodle

Usage: “they were sagacious enough to avoid any outright confrontation”

 

    1. Anomaly (Noun) –असंगति

Meaning: something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.

Synonyms: oddity, peculiarity, abnormality

Antonyms: average, norm, normal

Usage: “there are a number of anomalies in the present system”

    1. Spurred (Verb) – उत्तेजित करना

Meaning: give an incentive or encouragement to (someone).

Synonyms: encourage, prompt, propel

Antonyms: prevented, stopped, counteracted

Usage: “her sons’ passion for computer games spurred her on to set up a software business”

 

    1. Tedium (Noun) – एकरसता

Meaning: the state or quality of being tedious.

Synonyms: monotony, monotonousness, tediousness

Antonyms: variety, excitement, aggravation

Usage: “the tedium of car journeys”

 

    1. Tussle (Noun) – खींचतान, संघर्ष

Meaning: a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.

Synonyms: scuffle, scuffle, struggle

Antonyms: accord, agreement, calm

Usage: “there was a tussle for the ball”

 

    1. Churn (Noun) –मथनी

Meaning: move or cause to move about vigorously.

Synonyms: be turbulent, heave, boil

Antonyms: freeze, be happy, stream

Usage: “the seas churned”



(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)

    1. A game in which no one wins – Drawn
    2. The art of making maps and charts – Cartography
    3. Animals that can live on land and water – Amphibians
    4. Completing a period of hundred years – Centennial
    5. A figure with many angles or sides – Polygon
    6. A list of things to be discussed at a meeting – Agenda
    7. A large number of fish swimming together – Shoal
    8. A room or building for the preservation of plants – Greenhouse
    9. A principle or standard by which anything is or can be judged – Criterion
    10. A person who is self-centered – Egoist
    11. A word that reads the same as backward or forward – Palindrome
    12. The firing of many guns at the same time to mark an occasion – Fusillade
    13. A person who supports or speaks in favor of something – Advocate
    14. One living on vegetables – Vegetarian


(MISSPELT WORDS)

      1. (A) Noticeble

     (B) Noticeabal

     (C) Noticiable

     (D) Noticeable

 

2. (A) Specifically

     (B) Speciffically

     (C) Specificaly

     (D) Specifficaly

      1. (A) Necesary

     (B) Necessary

     (C) Neccessary

     (D) Neccesary

 

      1. (A) Pleazent

     (B) Pleazant

     (C) Pleasent

     (D) Pleasant

      1. (A) Concide

     (B) Concede

     (C) Concedae

     (D) Cancede

 

      1. (A) Posees

     (B) Pases

     (C) Posess

     (D) Possess

      1. (A) Presistence

     (B) Persistence

     (C) Presistance

     (D) Persistance

 

      1. (A) Propaganda

     (B) Propagenda

     (C) Propajanda

     (D) Propajenda

      1. (A) Roommeet

     (B) Roommet

     (C) Roomate

     (D) Roommate

 

      1. (A) Strenuous

     (B) Streanuous

     (C) Strenous

     (D) Stranuous

      1. (A) Souveinir

     (B) Souvienir

     (C) Souvenir

     (D) Souveneer

 

      1. (A) Solilloquy

     (B) Solilokwuy

     (C) Soliloquy

     (D) Solielloquy

      1. (A) Sincerelly

     (B) Sincierely

     (C) Sincierily

     (D) Sincerely

 

      1. (A) Skiing

     (B) Sking

     (C) Skyng

     (D) Skieng



(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)

 

    1. All the rage:

Meaning: – If something’s all the rage, it is very popular or fashionable at the moment.

Example: – He wore a strange outfit which might have been all the rage when Dickens was busy scribbling.

 

2. Beyond our ken:

Meaning: –  If something’s beyond your ken, it is beyond your understanding.

Example: – The quirks of the antique business were beyond his ken.

    1. As much use as a chocolate teapot:

Meaning: – Something that is as much use as a chocolate teapot is not useful at all.

Example: – A car in a heavy traffic jam is as useful as a chocolate teapot.

 

    1. one-man show:

Meaning: – A company or organization where most or all of the work is handled by one man.

Example: – My business started out as a one-man show. I did pretty much everything myself until I could afford to hire some help.

    1. Back against the wall

Meaning: – Be in a difficult situation from where escape is difficult.

Example: – With banks baying for his blood over default in payments, he has his back against the wall.

 

    1. At loggerheads:

Meaning: – If people are at loggerheads, they are arguing and can’t agree on anything.

Example: – They are at loggerheads over the best way to lead the committee.

    1. Basket case:

Meaning: – If something is a basket case, it is so bad that it cannot be helped.

Example: – Her classmates looked at her like she was a complete basket case.

 

    1. Bee’s Knees:

Meaning: – If something is the bee’s knees, it’s outstanding or the best in its class.

Example: – I loved this jacket when I bought it — I thought it was the bee’s knees.

    1. Batten down the hatches:

Meaning: – If you batten down the hatches, you prepare for the worst that could happen to you.

Example: – When you’re coming down with flu all you can do is batten down the hatches and wait for it to pass.

 

    1. Behind bars:

Meaning: – When someone is behind bars, they are in prison.

Example: – John Ruddy spent ten-fifteen years behind bars after being convicted for double murder.

    1. Bounce off the walls:

Meaning: – If someone’s bouncing off the walls, they are very excited about something.

Example: – He was bouncing off the walls so I told him to go out for a walk.

 

    1. Bouquet of orchids:

Meaning: – If someone deserves a bouquet of orchids; they have done something worthy of praise.

Example: – Her dance performance was amazing. she deserves a bouquet of orchids.

    1. Both ends meet:

Meaning: – If you make both ends meet, you live off the money you earn and don’t go into debt.

Example: – After the large income tax hike, many people suddenly found it difficult to make both ends meet.

 

    1. Bottom line:

Meaning: – In accountancy, the bottom line is net income, and is used idiomatically to mean the conclusion.

Example: – The bottom line is that the chairman wants to dictate all of the board’s decisions.

 

 

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