30 Important Vocab Words Compilation For SSC Exam 2020-21(Hin/Eng)
- Prodding (Verb) – उकसावा देना
Meaning: stimulate or persuade (someone who is reluctant or slow) to do something.
Synonyms: spur, stimulate, stir
Antonyms: counterintuitive, disincentive, compliment
Usage: “they attempted to prod the central bank into cutting interest rates”
- Forbearance (Noun) –सहनशीलता
Meaning: patient self-control; restraint and tolerance.
Synonyms: tolerance, toleration, patience
Antonyms: impatience, anger, impetuosity
Usage: “his unfailing courtesy and forbearance under great provocation”
- Thrive (Verb) –फूलना फलना
Meaning: prosper; flourish.
Synonyms: flourish, prosper, grow vigorously
Antonyms: decline, wither, fail
Usage: “education groups thrive on the organization”
- Codify (Verb) –संहिताबद्ध करना
Meaning: arrange (laws or rules) into a systematic code.
Synonyms: systematize, systemize, organize
Antonyms: derange, disarrange, disarray
Usage: “the statutes have codified certain branches of common law”
- Proviso (Noun) –परंतुक
Meaning: a condition or qualification attached to an agreement or statement.
Synonyms: condition, stipulation, provision
Antonyms: disqualification, inability, inaptitude
Usage: “he let his house with the proviso that his own staff should remain to run it”
- Pertaining (Verb) –से संबंधित
Meaning: be appropriate, related, or applicable to.
Synonyms: concern, relate to, be related to
Antonyms: disconnected, unrelated, irrelevant
Usage: “matters pertaining to the organization of government”
- Malevolent (Adjective) –द्रोही
Meaning: having or showing a wish to do evil to others.
Synonyms: malicious, spiteful, hostile
Antonyms: benevolent, magnanimous, undemanding
Usage: “the glint of dark, malevolent eyes”
- Deployed (Verb) –तैनात करना
Meaning: move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.
Synonyms: position, station, post
Antonyms: concentrate, regard, hearken
Usage: “forces were deployed at strategic locations”
- Endeavour (Verb) – प्रयास करना
Meaning: try hard to do or achieve something.
Synonyms: try, attempt, venture
Antonyms: abstention, destruction, ease
Usage: “he is endeavoring to help the Third World”
- Jest (Noun) –मज़ाक
Meaning: a thing said or done for amusement; a joke.
Synonyms: joke, witticism, funny remark
Antonyms: seriously, equably, demurely, staidly
Usage: “he laughed uproariously at his own jest”
- Exemption (Noun) –प्रतिरक्षा, अपवाद
Meaning: the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Synonyms: immunity, exception, dispensation
Antonyms: liability, care, responsibility
Usage: “vehicles that may qualify for exemption from tax”
- Disbursed (Verb) –संवितरित करना
Meaning: payout (money from a fund).
Synonyms: payout, layout, spend
Antonyms: claim, requisition, claim, market
Usage: “$67 million of the pledged aid had already been disbursed”
- Contentious (Adjective) – विवादास्पद
Meaning: causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.
Synonyms: controversial, disputable, debatable
Antonyms: uncontroversial, undisputed, uncontentious
Usage: “a contentious issue”
- Juncture (Noun) –उचित समय
Meaning: a particular point in events or time.
Synonyms: point, point in time, time
Antonyms: advantage, blessing, calm
Usage: “it is difficult to say at this juncture whether this upturn can be sustained”
- Exemplified (Verb) –का विशिष्ट उदाहरण होना
Meaning: be a typical example of.
Synonyms: typify, epitomize, be a typical example of
Antonyms: concealed, confused, covered
Usage: “the best dry sherry is exemplified by the fino of Jerez”
- Psyche (Noun) –मानव मन या आत्मा
Meaning: the human soul, mind, or spirit.
Synonyms: soul, spirit, (inner) self
Antonyms: body, trichotomy, corpus
Usage: “their childhood made them want to understand the human psyche and to help others”
- Augment (Verb) –बढ़ाना
Meaning: make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.
Synonyms: increase, make larger, make bigger
Antonyms: decrease, reduction, diminution
Usage: “he augmented his summer income by painting houses”
- Formidable (Adjective) –दुर्जेय
Meaning: inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
Synonyms: intimidating, forbidding, redoubtable
Antonyms: pleasant-looking, comforting, easy
Usage: “a formidable opponent”
- Dent (Noun) –राशि या आकार में कमी
Meaning: a reduction in amount or size.
Synonyms: reduction, depletion, deduction
Usage: “he has barely made a dent in the poverty rate”
- Robust (Adjective) –मजबूत
Meaning: strong and healthy; vigorous.
Synonyms: strong, vigorous, sturdy
Antonyms: weak, frail
Usage: “the Caplan family are a robust lot”
- Persecution (Noun) – उत्पीड़न
Meaning: hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression.
Synonyms: oppression, victimization, maltreatment
Antonyms: happiness, help, joy
Usage: “her family fled religious persecution”
- Ripple (Noun) –तरंग, लहर
Meaning: a small wave or series of waves on the surface of the water, especially as caused by a slight breeze or an object dropping into it.
Synonyms: wavelet, wave, undulation
Antonyms: stillness, dullness, quiet
Usage: “he dived into the pool leaving barely a ripple”
- Indignation (Noun) –रोष या नाराज़गी
Meaning: anger or annoyance provoked by what is perceived as unfair treatment.
Synonyms: resentment, umbrage, affront
Antonyms: contentment, quietness, quietude, reconcilement
Usage: “the letter filled Lucy with indignation”
- Slumber (Verb) –नींद
Synonyms: sleep, be asleep, doze
Antonyms: wake up, rouse, awaken, ferment
Usage: “Sleeping Beauty slumbered in her forest castle”
- Loath (Adjective) –अनिच्छुक
Meaning: reluctant; unwilling.
Synonyms: reluctant, unwilling, disinclined
Antonyms: willing, eager, earnest
Usage: “I was loath to leave”
- Gestation (Noun) –गर्भावधि
Meaning: the development of something over a period of time.
Synonyms: development, origination, drafting
Antonyms: decrease, shortage, deficiency, scarcity
Usage: “a thorough and painstaking work which was a long time in gestation”
- Wary (Noun) –सतर्क
Meaning: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
Synonyms: cautious, careful, circumspect
Antonyms: unwary, inattentive, trustful
Usage: “dogs which have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers”
- Galore (Adjective) –बहुतायत
Meaning: in abundance.
Synonyms: aplenty, in abundance, in profusion
Antonyms: in short supply, rare, scantily
Usage: “there were prizes galore for everything”
(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)
- One who offers the services of his own freewill – Volunteer
- A person who repairs broken window glasses – Glazier
- A collection of slaves – Coffle
- One who is always doubting – Sceptic
- Not likely to be easily pleased –Fastidious
- A professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army – Mercenary
- Take great pleasure – Revel
- The practice of having many wives – Polygamy
- An extract from a book of writing – Excerpt
- A person who files a suit – Plaintiff
- One who lives both on land as well as in water – Amphibian
- A strong dislike – Animosity
- A person who abstains completely from alcoholic drinks – Teetotaller
- Long poem based on a noble theme – Epic
- (A) hygiene
2. (A) intelligence
- (A) mischievous
- (A) successful
- (A) Definitely
- (A) Apparent
- (A) Absence
- (A) acceptable
- (A) Recogenise
- (A) Registance
- (A) Nuisance
- (A) Promenent
- (A) Strength
- (A) Technice
(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)
- Bean counter:
Meaning: – A bean counter is an accountant.
Example: – No matter what the bean counter psychiatrists say, With my overpowering passion I just can’t stay away.
- Bean counter:
2. Best of a bad bunch:
Meaning: – The best that could be obtained from a list of options that were not exactly what was required.
Example: – I don’t care for Mary’s new college friends. She’s still the best of a bad bunch, but she’s become a real troublemaker since meeting them.
- Back the wrong horse:
Meaning: – If you back the wrong horse, you give your support to the losing side in something.
Example: – Investing in such an unproven product was a mistake. He really backed the wrong horse on that one.
- Bedroom eyes:
Meaning: – Someone with bedroom eyes has a sexy look in their eyes.
Example: – She can barely contain her desire signaled by semi-closed, almost ‘bedroom’ eyes, emphasized by her chin pushing towards him.
- Writ large:
Meaning: – If something is writ large, it is emphasized or highlighted.
Example: – The party’s new philosophies are little more than their old beliefs writ large.
- You can say that again:
Meaning: – If you want to agree strongly with what someone has said, you can say ‘You can say that again’ as a way of doing so.
Example: – She said, “This horrible weather has been killing me.” He said, “You can say that again!
- Arrow in the quiver:
Meaning: – An arrow in the quiver is a strategy or option that could be used to achieve your objective.
Example: – If you are having a job interview, improving your communication skills can be another arrow in your quiver.
- At daggers drawn:
Meaning: – If people are at daggers drawn, they are very angry and close to violence.
Example: – She and her mother were at daggers drawn.
Meaning: – Something or someone that is awe-inspiring amazes people in a slightly frightening but positive way.
Example: – Her knowledge of computers is quite awe-inspiring.
- A war of nerves:
Meaning: – Psychological warfare used to wear down an adversary’s resolve through fear tactics.
Example: – The dictator’s threats against the sovereign nation he was trying to conquer became a war of nerves as the citizens worried about the future of their country.
- At arm’s length:
Meaning: – Keep somebody at arm’s length means not allowing somebody to be become too friendly with you or close to you.
Example: – She was friendly only when he was safely at arm’s length.
- Back foot:
- At arm’s length:
Meaning: – (UK) If you are on your back foot, you are at a disadvantage and forced to be defensive of your position.
Example: – I thought it would knock my confidence and put me on the back foot.
- Worm’s eye view:
Meaning: – A worm’s eye view of something is the view from below, either physically or socially.
Example: – Because he was stuck in the same menial position for so long, he only had a worm’s eye view of how the business operated.
- Change of heart
Meaning: – If you have a change of heart, you change your opinion or the way you feel about something.
Example: – She was going to sell her house but had a change of heart at the last minute. Changing your mind.