30 Important Vocab Words Compilation For SSC Exam 2020-21(Hin/Eng)

 

 

(VOCABULARY)

 

    1. Prodding (Verb) – उकसावा देना

Meaning: stimulate or persuade (someone who is reluctant or slow) to do something.

Synonyms: spur, stimulate, stir

Antonyms: counterintuitive, disincentive, compliment

Usage: “they attempted to prod the central bank into cutting interest rates”

 

    1. Forbearance (Noun) –सहनशीलता

Meaning: patient self-control; restraint and tolerance.

Synonyms: tolerance, toleration, patience

Antonyms: impatience, anger, impetuosity

Usage: “his unfailing courtesy and forbearance under great provocation”

 

    1. Thrive (Verb) –फूलना फलना

Meaning: prosper; flourish.

Synonyms: flourish, prosper, grow vigorously

Antonyms: decline, wither, fail

Usage: “education groups thrive on the organization”

 

    1. Codify (Verb) –संहिताबद्ध करना

Meaning: arrange (laws or rules) into a systematic code.

Synonyms: systematize, systemize, organize

Antonyms: derange, disarrange, disarray

Usage: “the statutes have codified certain branches of common law”

 

    1. Proviso (Noun) –परंतुक

Meaning: a condition or qualification attached to an agreement or statement.

Synonyms: condition, stipulation, provision

Antonyms: disqualification, inability, inaptitude

Usage: “he let his house with the proviso that his own staff should remain to run it”

 

    1. Pertaining (Verb) –से संबंधित

Meaning: be appropriate, related, or applicable to.

Synonyms: concern, relate to, be related to

Antonyms: disconnected, unrelated, irrelevant

Usage: “matters pertaining to the organization of government”

 

    1. Malevolent (Adjective) –द्रोही

Meaning: having or showing a wish to do evil to others.

Synonyms: malicious, spiteful, hostile

Antonyms: benevolent, magnanimous, undemanding

Usage: “the glint of dark, malevolent eyes”

 

    1. Deployed (Verb) –तैनात करना

Meaning: move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.

Synonyms: position, station, post

Antonyms: concentrate, regard, hearken

Usage: “forces were deployed at strategic locations”

 

    1. Endeavour (Verb) – प्रयास करना

Meaning: try hard to do or achieve something.

Synonyms: try, attempt, venture

Antonyms: abstention, destruction, ease

Usage: “he is endeavoring to help the Third World”

 

    1. Jest (Noun) –मज़ाक

Meaning: a thing said or done for amusement; a joke.

Synonyms: joke, witticism, funny remark

Antonyms: seriously, equably, demurely, staidly

Usage: “he laughed uproariously at his own jest”

 

    1. Exemption (Noun) –प्रतिरक्षा, अपवाद

Meaning: the action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.

Synonyms: immunity, exception, dispensation

Antonyms: liability, care, responsibility

Usage: “vehicles that may qualify for exemption from tax”

 

    1. Disbursed (Verb) –संवितरित करना

Meaning: payout (money from a fund).

Synonyms: payout, layout, spend

Antonyms: claim, requisition, claim, market

Usage: “$67 million of the pledged aid had already been disbursed”

 

    1. Contentious (Adjective) – विवादास्पद

Meaning: causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.

Synonyms: controversial, disputable, debatable

Antonyms: uncontroversial, undisputed, uncontentious

Usage: “a contentious issue”

 

    1. Juncture (Noun) –उचित समय

Meaning: a particular point in events or time.

Synonyms: point, point in time, time

Antonyms: advantage, blessing, calm

Usage: “it is difficult to say at this juncture whether this upturn can be sustained”

 

    1. Exemplified (Verb) –का विशिष्ट उदाहरण होना

Meaning: be a typical example of.

Synonyms: typify, epitomize, be a typical example of

Antonyms: concealed, confused, covered

Usage: “the best dry sherry is exemplified by the fino of Jerez”

 

    1. Psyche (Noun) –मानव मन या आत्मा

Meaning: the human soul, mind, or spirit.

Synonyms: soul, spirit, (inner) self

Antonyms: body, trichotomy, corpus

Usage: “their childhood made them want to understand the human psyche and to help others”

 

    1. Augment (Verb) –बढ़ाना

Meaning: make (something) greater by adding to it; increase.

Synonyms: increase, make larger, make bigger

Antonyms: decrease, reduction, diminution

Usage: “he augmented his summer income by painting houses”

 

    1. Formidable (Adjective) –दुर्जेय

Meaning: inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.

Synonyms: intimidating, forbidding, redoubtable

Antonyms: pleasant-looking, comforting, easy

Usage: “a formidable opponent”

 

    1. Dent (Noun) –राशि या आकार में कमी

Meaning: a reduction in amount or size.

Synonyms: reduction, depletion, deduction

Antonyms: increase

Usage: “he has barely made a dent in the poverty rate”

 

    1. Robust (Adjective) –मजबूत

Meaning: strong and healthy; vigorous.

Synonyms: strong, vigorous, sturdy

Antonyms: weak, frail

Usage: “the Caplan family are a robust lot”

 

    1. Persecution (Noun) – उत्पीड़न

Meaning: hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression.

Synonyms: oppression, victimization, maltreatment

Antonyms: happiness, help, joy

Usage: “her family fled religious persecution”

 

    1. Ripple (Noun) –तरंग, लहर

Meaning: a small wave or series of waves on the surface of the water, especially as caused by a slight breeze or an object dropping into it.

Synonyms: wavelet, wave, undulation

Antonyms: stillness, dullness, quiet

Usage: “he dived into the pool leaving barely a ripple”

 

    1. Indignation (Noun) –रोष या नाराज़गी

Meaning: anger or annoyance provoked by what is perceived as unfair treatment.

Synonyms: resentment, umbrage, affront

Antonyms: contentment, quietness, quietude, reconcilement

Usage: “the letter filled Lucy with indignation”

 

    1. Slumber (Verb) –नींद

Meaning: sleep.

Synonyms: sleep, be asleep, doze

Antonyms: wake up, rouse, awaken, ferment

Usage: “Sleeping Beauty slumbered in her forest castle”

    1. Loath (Adjective) –अनिच्छुक

Meaning: reluctant; unwilling.

Synonyms: reluctant, unwilling, disinclined

Antonyms: willing, eager, earnest

Usage: “I was loath to leave”

 

    1. Gestation (Noun) –गर्भावधि

Meaning: the development of something over a period of time.

Synonyms: development, origination, drafting

Antonyms: decrease, shortage, deficiency, scarcity

Usage: “a thorough and painstaking work which was a long time in gestation”

 

    1. Wary (Noun) –सतर्क

Meaning: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.

Synonyms: cautious, careful, circumspect

Antonyms: unwary, inattentive, trustful

Usage: “dogs which have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers”

 

    1. Galore (Adjective) –बहुतायत

Meaning: in abundance.

Synonyms: aplenty, in abundance, in profusion

Antonyms: in short supply, rare, scantily

Usage: “there were prizes galore for everything”



(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)

    1. One who offers the services of his own freewill – Volunteer
    2. A person who repairs broken window glasses – Glazier
    3. A collection of slaves – Coffle
    4. One who is always doubting – Sceptic
    5. Not likely to be easily pleased –Fastidious
    6. A professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army – Mercenary
    7. Take great pleasure – Revel
    8. The practice of having many wives – Polygamy
    9. An extract from a book of writing – Excerpt
    10. A person who files a suit – Plaintiff
    11. One who lives both on land as well as in water – Amphibian
    12. A strong dislike – Animosity
    13. A person who abstains completely from alcoholic drinks – Teetotaller
    14. Long poem based on a noble theme – Epic

 



(MISSPELT WORDS)

 

    1. (A) hygiene

     (B) hygene

     (C) hygiene

     (D) hiygeine

 

2. (A) intelligence

     (B) intelligence

     (C) intelligence

     (D) intelligence

 

      1. (A) mischievous

     (B) mischievious

     (C) mischievous

     (D) mischevious

 

      1. (A) successful

     (B) successful

     (C) successful

     (D) sucessful

    1. (A) Definitely

     (B) Definitly

     (C) Definitely

     (D) Defiantely

 

      1. (A) Apparent

     (B) Apparent

     (C) Aparent

     (D) Apparrent

      1. (A) Absence

     (B) Absense

     (C) Abcense

     (D) Absance

 

      1. (A) acceptable

     (B) acceptable

     (C) acceptabal

     (D) acceptibel

      1. (A) Recogenise

     (B) Recogenize

     (C) Recognize

     (D) Recogneise

 

      1. (A) Registance

     (B) Resistance

     (C) Resistence

     (D) Resistanse

      1. (A) Nuisance

     (B) Nuiesance

     (C) Nuisnance

     (D) Nuistance

 

      1. (A) Promenent

     (B) Promineint

     (C) Prominient

     (D) Prominent

      1. (A) Strength

     (B) Strenth

(C) Strenjth

(D) Strenzth

 

      1. (A) Technice

(B) Techniqe

(C) Technoque

(D) Technique



(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)

    1. Bean counter:
      Meaning: – A bean counter is an accountant.
      Example: – No matter what the bean counter psychiatrists say, With my overpowering passion I just can’t stay away.

2. Best of a bad bunch:

Meaning: – The best that could be obtained from a list of options that were not exactly what was required.

Example: – I don’t care for Mary’s new college friends. She’s still the best of a bad bunch, but she’s become a real troublemaker since meeting them.

    1. Back the wrong horse:

Meaning: – If you back the wrong horse, you give your support to the losing side in something.

Example: – Investing in such an unproven product was a mistake. He really backed the wrong horse on that one.

    1. Bedroom eyes:

Meaning: – Someone with bedroom eyes has a sexy look in their eyes.

Example: – She can barely contain her desire signaled by semi-closed, almost ‘bedroom’ eyes, emphasized by her chin pushing towards him.

    1. Writ large:

Meaning: – If something is writ large, it is emphasized or highlighted.

Example: – The party’s new philosophies are little more than their old beliefs writ large.

    1. You can say that again:

Meaning: – If you want to agree strongly with what someone has said, you can say ‘You can say that again’ as a way of doing so.

Example: – She said, “This horrible weather has been killing me.” He said, “You can say that again!

    1. Arrow in the quiver:

Meaning: – An arrow in the quiver is a    strategy or option that could be used to achieve your objective.

Example: – If you are having a job interview, improving your communication skills can be another arrow in your quiver.

    1. At daggers drawn:

Meaning: – If people are at daggers drawn, they are very angry and close to violence.

Example: – She and her mother were at daggers drawn.

    1. Awe-inspiring:

Meaning: – Something or someone that is awe-inspiring amazes people in a slightly frightening but positive way.

Example: – Her knowledge of computers is quite awe-inspiring.

 

    1. A war of nerves:

Meaning: – Psychological warfare used to wear down an adversary’s resolve through fear tactics.

Example: – The dictator’s threats against the sovereign nation he was trying to conquer became a war of nerves as the citizens worried about the future of their country.

    1. At arm’s length:
      Meaning: – Keep somebody at arm’s length means not allowing somebody to be become too friendly with you or close to you.
      Example: – She was friendly only when he was safely at arm’s length.
    2. Back foot:

Meaning: – (UK) If you are on your back foot, you are at a disadvantage and forced to be defensive of your position.

Example: – I thought it would knock my confidence and put me on the back foot.

    1. Worm’s eye view:

Meaning: – A worm’s eye view of something is the view from below, either physically or socially.

Example: – Because he was stuck in the same menial position for so long, he only had a worm’s eye view of how the business operated.

 

    1. Change of heart

Meaning: – If you have a change of heart, you change your opinion or the way you feel about something.

Example: – She was going to sell her house but had a change of heart at the last minute. Changing your mind.

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