Important Polity Notes On Emergency

Important Polity Notes On Emergency

Polity Notes On Emergency. Indian Polity SSC GK Notes on Emergency provisions for SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, CPO, SSC JE, NDA, CDS, Railway etc.

Emergency In Indian Constitution

Part XVIII of the Constitution of India contains Articles 352-360 which deals with ‘Emergency Provisions’.

The President of India can proclaim Emergency if he is satisfied that it is justified and he can take under his direct charge the administration of any state.

There are three kinds of provisions according to the Constitution:

  1. National Emergency (Article 352)
  2. State Emergency (Article 356)
  3. Financial Emergency (Article 360)

Articles Related to Emergency Provisions:

Article 352 – Proclamation of National Emergency

Article 353 – Effect of Proclamation of Emergency

Article 354 – Application of provisions relating to the distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation

Article 355 – Duty of the Union to protect states against external aggression and internal disturbance

Article 356 – Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states

Article 357 – Exercise of legislative powers under the proclamation issued under

Article 358 – Suspension of provisions of Article 19 during Emergencies

Article 359 – Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during Emergencies

Article 359A – Application of this part to the state of Punjab (Repealed)

Article 360 – Provisions as to Financial Emergency

History of National Emergency:

It has been declared in our country three times so far.

For the first time

Emergency was declared on 26 October 1962 after China attacked our borders in the North East Arunachal Pradesh.

This National Emergency lasted till 10 January 1968.

It was in force at the time of Pakistan War in 1965.

For the second time

It was declared on 3 December 1971 due to the second India-Pakistan War and was lifted on 21 March 1977.

The first two emergencies were on ground of ‘external aggression’.

The third National Emergency

It was proclaimed on the basis of ‘internal disturbance’.

It was imposed on 25 June 1975.

This emergency is called “internal emergency”.

This proclamation has been the most Controversial political move of Independent India.

That is because this was imposed while the second National emergency of 1971 was in effect and the government machinery was in control of everything already.

Both second and third proclamations were revoked on 21st March 1977.

Also read:

SSC GK Polity Notes: Parliament of India

SSC GK Polity Notes: All about Fundamental Duties

SSC GK Polity Notes: All about Fundamental Rights

Directive Principles of State Policy

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