Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857

Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857

Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857.

Important Facts:

  • The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut.
  • Though in some places, fractional clashes began before that. It ended on 20 June 1858.
  • The first martyr of 1957 revolt was Mangal Pandey. He attacked his British sergeant on 29 March 1857 at Barrackpore.
  • Lord canning was the governor general at that time.

Some of the leaders of the rebellion were: 

  • Rani Lakshmibai [Jhansi]
  • Kunwar Singh [Bihar]
  • Bahadur Shah [Delhi]
  • Nana Saheb [Kanpur]
  • Tatia Tope [Kanpur]
  • Begum Hazrat Mahal [Lucknow]

Causes of Revolt:

  • The revolt was started due to the induction of enfield riffles in the army.
  • It was believed that the cartridges used in the riffles were made of pig fat and cow fat which were restricted for the Muslims and Hindus respectively.
  • The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny.
  • But the revolt did not remain limited to the soldiers, later it spread and took a massive form.

Causes of Failure of the Revolt:

  • The most important cause of failure was that the revolt failed to embrace the whole of India.
  • Some sections of society like the money lenders, merchants, modern educated Indians, and intellectuals were against the Revolt.
  • The resources at the disposal of the British were far superior than the ones available to the Indians.
  • It was an unplanned revolt and it lacked central organization and strategy.
  • The British had better means of communication like the telegraph and the postal system. This way, they could manoeuvre their troops according to their needs.
  • It was not a universal revolt; it was sporadic and inconsistent.

Effects of the Revolt:

1. Post the revolt of 1857, the Indian administration was transferred from the hands of the East India Company to the British Crown, by the Queen’s Proclamation of November 1, 1858.

  • This Proclamation was called the Magna Carta of the Indian people.

Its provisions were:

  • It disclaimed any extension of territory
  • promised religious tolerance
  • guaranteed the rights of Indian princes
  • pledged equal treatment to all subjects, whether Indians or Europeans.

2. The Governor-General was given the new title of ‘Viceroy’. Lord Canning had the unique opportunity of becoming a Governor-General, as well as, the first Viceroy of India.

3. Lord Canning proclaimed the new Government at Allahabad on November 1, 1858.

4. The Revolt of 1857 laid the foundation for growth of Indian Nationalism in the second half of the 19th century.

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