Important Mountain Passes in India

Important Mountain Passes in India

Geography Notes for Railways and SSC CGL – 2018: Important Mountain Passes of India. Complete List: Pirpanjal Pass, Banihal Pass, Rohtang Pass etc.

What is a Mountain Pass ?

❖ Mountain pass is a connectivity route through the mountain run.

❖ It is a gateway to connect different parts of the country, and also with neighboring countries for different purposes.

List of Important Mountain Passes in India:

1. Zoji La Pass (Jammu & Kashmir)

  • It connects Srinagar with Kargil and Leh.
  • Beacon Force of Border Road Organization is responsible for clearing and maintaining the road, especially during winter.
  • It has been created by the Indus River.

2. Pir-Panjal Pass (Jammu & Kashmir)

  • This pass was closed after the partition.
  • It provides shortest roadway access to Kashmir valley from Jammu

3. Banihal Pass (Jammu & Kashmir)

  • The National Highway NO.1A that links Srinagar to Jammu goes through it.
  • It is situated in Pir- Panjal Range.
  • It connects Banihal with Qazigund.
  • It has been created by the Indus River.

4. Khardung La (Jammu & Kashmir)

  • It is the highest motorable pass in the country.
  • It connects Leh and Siachen glacier.
  • This pass remains closed during the winter.

5. Shipki La Pass (Himachal Pradesh)

  • The road from Shimla to Tibet goes through this pass.
  • The Satluj River flows through this pass.

6. Bara-Lacha Pass (Himachal Pradesh)

  • It links Mandi and Leh by road.

7. Rohtang Pass (Himachal Pradesh)

  • It cuts through the Pir Panjal range.
  • It links Manali and Leh by road.

8. Mana Pass (Uttarakhand)

  • It is located in the Greater Himalayas and connects Tibet with Uttarakhand.
  • It remains under snow for six months during winter.
  • The land route to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

9. Niti Pass (Uttarakhand)

  • This pass joins Uttarakhand with Tibet.
  • This also remains snow covered during the winter season.
  • The road to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

10. Lipu Lekh (Uttarakhand)

  • It connects Uttarakhand with Tibet.
  • This pass is an important border post for the trade with china.
  • The pilgrims for Manasarovar travels through this pass.

11. Nathu La Pass (Sikkim)

  • This famous pass is located in the India- China border was reopened in 2006.
  • It forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient silk route.
  • It is one of the trading border posts between India and China.

12. Jalep La Pass (Sikkim)

  • It is also in Sikkim and gives way to Bhutan.
  • The Tista River has created this pass.

13. Likhapani (Arunachal Pradesh)

  • This pass remains open throughout a year for transport and trade.
  • This connects Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar.

14. Diphu pass (Arunachal Pradesh)

  • The Diphu pass also provides easy and an alternate route to Myanmar.
  • This pass remains open throughout the year for the transportation and trade.

15. Shencotta Gap (Tamil Nadu – Kerala)

  • It is located in the Western Ghats.
  • It joins the Madurai city in Tamil Nadu with Kottayam district in Kerala.

Also Read:

Interior of the Earth: Complete Study Notes

Geography Notes: Oceans of the World

Geography Notes on Land forms Created by River

Geography Notes: Rock & Types of Rocks

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