List of Most Asked Words in Competitive Exams (VOCABULARY)
List of Most Asked Words in Competitive Exams
- Nudged (Verb) – धकेल देना
Definition: touch or push (something) gently or gradually.
Synonyms: touch, bump (against), push (against), run into
Antonyms: discourage, pull, repress
Usage: the canoe nudged a bank of reeds
- Explicitly (Adverb) – स्पष्ट रूप से
Definition: in a clear and detailed manner, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
Synonyms: specially, decidedly, surprisingly.
Antonyms: normally, usually, commonly.
Usage: the essay should state explicitly how the facts support the thesis
- Supersede (Verb) – जगह लेना
Definition: take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use); supplant.
Synonyms: replace, supplant, take the place of, take over from, substitute for, displace, oust, overthrow
Antonyms: keep, stay, accept.
Usage: the older models of car have now been superseded
- Turbulence (Noun) – अशांति
Definition: violent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid.
Antonym: Peace, Serenity, Quenching
Synonym: Upheaval, turbulency, turbulences
Example: Sienna’s year has been marked by violent or overwhelming turbulence.
- Deployed (Verb) –तैनात करना
Meaning: move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.
Synonyms: position, station, post, place, install, locate
Usage: “Profiting from a mutiny, the rebel forces deployed their troops rapidly and cut the country virtually in two.”
- Outrageous (Adjective) –अपमानजनक
Meaning: shockingly bad or excessive.
Synonyms: shocking, disgraceful, scandalous
Antonyms: acceptable, mild, moderate
Usage: “There had to be a reason why he lost control and watched helplessly as his own body committed such an outrageous act.”
- Dispensation (Noun) –एक नियम या सामान्य आवश्यकता से छूट
Meaning: exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
Synonyms: exemption, immunity, exception
Antonyms: responsibility, liability, obligation
Usage: “The political dispensation to follow will be either stable or colonial, but not both.”
- Reviled (Verb) –बुरा-भला कहना
Meaning: criticize in an abusive or angrily insulting manner.
Synonyms: criticize, censure, condemn
Antonyms: praise, extol, approve
Usage: “People who are creative, who invent and discover new ways are reviled.”
- Connivance (Noun) –मिलीभगत
Meaning: Willingness to secretly allow or be involved in wrongdoing, especially an immoral or illegal act.
Synonyms: collusion, complicity, collaboration
Antonyms: assistance, abetment, aid
Usage: “The culmination of this is the present unfolding catastrophe, which required the moral connivance, in one way or another, of nearly every sector of civil society.”
- Rampage (Noun) –हिसात्मक आचरण
Meaning: A period of violent and uncontrollable behaviour, typically involving a large group of people.
Synonyms: berserk, out of control, wild, bonkers
Antonyms: calmness, delight, pleasure, amusement
Usage: “Hamer residents say they are living in fear after gangs went on the rampage and vandalised cars.”
- Ransacked (Verb) –तोड़फोड़ करना
Meaning: Go hurriedly through (a place) stealing things and causing damage.
Synonyms: plunder, pillage, steal from
Antonyms: cleaned, found, gave
Usage: “It’s unusual for someone to strike like this during the day and to ransack the place in such a disturbing way.”
- Detained (Verb) –देर करना
Meaning: Keep (someone) in official custody, typically for questioning about a crime or in politically sensitive situations.
Synonyms: delay, hold up, make late
Antonyms: freed, lost, released
Usage: “If people are unlawfully detained, they have a right to be free?”
- Congregated (Verb) –एकत्रित होना
Meaning: gather into a crowd or mass.
Synonyms: assemble, gather, collect, accumulate, gather
Antonyms: disperse, scatter, dissolve, diffuse
Usage: “As she neared the Village Square, she saw a crowd of people congregated there.”
- Assertions (Noun) –अभिकथन
Meaning: a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
Synonyms: declaration, contention, statement, speech, contention, account
Antonyms: disavowals, denial, desertion, repudiations, renunciation, abandonment
Usage: “Imposing such a ban requires far more compelling logic than the assertion that we should not play God.”
- Accorded (Verb) –प्रदान करना
Meaning: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).
Synonyms: give, grant, tender, stretch, allowance, kind-hearted
Antonyms: withhold, remove, refuse, confiscate
Usage: “Sand back has never received the recognition accorded his minimalist peers.”
- Creeping (Verb) –रेंगना
Meaning: move slowly and carefully in order to avoid being heard or noticed.
Synonyms: crawl, move on all fours, move on hands and knees, Crawling, Slithering, Scrambling
Antonyms: barrelling, bolting, breakneck, fastening, quick
Usage: “She carefully crept around them and made her way to Fiona.”
- Expertise (Noun) –विशेषज्ञता
Meaning: expert skill or knowledge in a particular field.
Synonyms: skill, skilfulness, expertness, ability, astuteness
Antonyms: incompetence, ineffectiveness, ineptitude, uselessness
Usage: “Each member casts a ballot for the category of competition in their field of expertise.”
- Overdue (Adjective) –अतिदेय
Meaning: not having arrived, happened, or been done by the expected time.
Synonyms: late, not on time, behind, schedule
Antonyms: early, punctual, on time
Usage: “All I’m saying is that we’re 7 years overdue for skinny ties and narrow lapels.”
- Devastated (Verb) –तहस-नहस किया हुआ
Meaning: destroy or ruin.
Synonyms: destroy, ruin, leave in ruins
Antonyms: fixed, repaired, sober
Usage: “the city was devastated by a huge earthquake”
- Evacuation (Noun) –निष्क्रमण
Meaning: the action of evacuating a person or a place.
Synonyms: removal, clearance, shifting
Antonyms: retention, holding, preservation, withholding
Usage: “there were waves of evacuation during the blitz”
(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)
- The most appropriate one word for “A person with a long experience of any occupation” is – “Veteran”
- The most appropriate one word for “Something capable of being done” is – Feasible.
- Men living in the same age – Contemporary
- A list of books and writings of one author or one subject – Bibliography
- A yearly celebration of a date or an event – Anniversary
- A person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs – Martyr
- Inability to sleep – Insomnia
- A list of name of books – Catalogue
- A person in a vehicle or on horseback escorting another vehicle – Escort
- Intentional destruction of racial groups –Genocide
- (A) Perceived
2. (A) Shrival
- (A) Fellacious
- (A) Iresistible
- (A) Achivment
- (A) Irrelevant
- (A) Qurantine
- (A) Relistically
- (A) Fullfiled
- (A) Kil
(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)
- Explore all avenues
Meaning – Trying out every possibility to get a result.
Example – It is a difficult thing to do but if we really want it done, we must explore all avenues.
2. Fast track something
Meaning – Rating something higher on your priority list to achieve the desired result.
Example – In view of the seriousness of the crime, civil society is pressing up on a fast track decision from the court.
3. Banana republic:
Meaning: – Banana republic is a term used for small countries that are dependent on a single
crop or resource and governed badly by a corrupt elite.
Example: – The man was talking like he would become some dictator of a banana republic and throw and his political enemies in jail.
4. Bend over backwards:
Meaning: – If someone bends over backward, they do everything they can to help someone.
Example: – “We bent over backward to help him, and he never ever thanked us.”
- Beg the question:
Meaning: – In philosophy “to beg the question” is to assume something to be true that has not yet been proved. I have seen the idiom also mean that a question is crying out to be asked.
Example: – Shopping now for a dress to wear to the ceremony is really begging the question-she hasn’t been invented yet.
- Get out of hand
Meaning: – If a situation gets out of hand, it cannot be controlled any longer.
Example: – Two men in the club had an argument that got out of hand and the police were called
- A blessing in disguise
Meaning: – a good thing that seemed bad at first
Example: – Being caught in that traffic jam was a blessing in disguise
- A dime a dozen
Meaning: –Something common
Example: – Those antique dishes are pretty, but they’re a dime a dozen.
- Turn a blind eye:
Meaning: – When people turn a blind eye, they deliberately ignore something, especially if people are doing something wrong.
Explanation: – Whenever a girl turns a blind eye on your comments – it doesn’t mean that she started liking you.
- Yellow press:
Meaning: – The yellow press is a term for the popular and sensationalist newspapers.
Explanation: – I can’t believe you read those tabloids—they’re just yellow press stuffed with ads.