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Important Amendments in Indian Constitution (Part-1)

Important Amendments in Indian Constitution (Part-1)

We are sharing Short notes on all Important Amendments in Indian Constitution. These notes are very important to many competitive exams like SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, SSC MTS, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS SO, IPPB Sc. I, LIC AAO, etc.

Constitutional Amendments

♦ The Constitution of India is neither flexible nor rigid enough but it is a synthesis of both.

♦ Constitution of India (under article 368 of Part XX) provided the powers to Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedures but cannot amend those provisions which form the ‘basic structure’ of the Constitution.

The Constitution can be amended in three ways:

  1. Amendment by simple majority of the Parliament.
  2. Amendment by special majority of the Parliament.
  3. Amendment by special majority of the Parliament and the ratification of half of the state legislature.

Important Amendments to Indian Constitution

1st (1951) – To overcome difficulties in Fundamental rights, Special treatment to educationally & socially backward classes

2nd (1952)-Readjusted the scale of representation in Lok Sabha on the basis of 1951 census

3rd (1954)-Transferred items of State List to Concurrent List

4th (1955)-Property, Trade & Commerce related amendment;

Extended scope of Article 31A, Authorised the state to nationalise any trade

5th (1955)– Empowered the President to fix time limit for state legislatures to express their views on central laws affecting the areas & boundaries of state

6th (1956) – Included new subject in Union list i.e. interstate sales tax

7th (1956)-Reorganization of states on linguistic basis and abolition of Class A, B, C and D states and introduction of Union Territories.

9th (1960)-Adjustments to Indian territory as a result of agreement with Pakistan.

10th (1961)-Dadra, Nagar and Haveli included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.

12th (1961)-Goa, Daman and Diu included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.

13th (1963)-The state of Nagaland formed with special protection under Article 371A.

14th (1962)-Pondicherry incorporated into Indian Union after transfer by France.

21th (1967)-Sindhi added as language in the 8th schedule.

26th (1971)-Privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states abolished.

27th (1971)-Made certain provisions for Arunachal Pradesh & Mizoram

31st (1972)– Raised the number of Lok Sabha seats from 525 to 545

36th (1975)-Sikkim included as an Indian state.

37th (1975)-Legislative assembly & Council of ministers to UT Arunachal Pradesh

38th (1975)-Declaration of emergency promulgation of ordinance by President is non-justiciable

39th (1975)-Disputes related to President, Vice President, Prime minister & the Speaker beyond scope of judiciary

40th (1976)-Provisions related to EEZ & maritime zone; Included 64 central laws in 9th schedule

41st (1976)-Increase in retirement age of members of PSC from 60 to 62

42th (1976)-Fundamental Duties prescribed, India became Socialist Secular Republic.

44th (1978)-Right to Property deleted from the list of fundamental rights.

 

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