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Important Acts during British Rule

Important Acts during British Rule

Here’s the detailed list with salient points of all the Acts During East India company rule. This is a Modern Indian History notes for UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL etc.

The Regulating Act (1773)

→ The Regulating Act, 1773 was the first attempted by British Parliament to regulate the affairs of the Company in India.

→ This act also brought an end to Dual system of Government of India.

→ This was the first attempt towards Centralised Administration.

→ In this act, Governor of Bengal became Governor General for all British territories in India.

→ Bombay and Madras Presidency subordinated to Bengal Presidency in certain matters.

→ Supreme Court to be set up at Calcutta and also founded Calcutta Madarasa.

The Pitts India Act (1784)

→ The Pitts India Act, 1784 (The East India Company Act 1784) gave the British Government supreme control over the Company’s affairs and its administration in India.

→ It established dual system of governance:

  • Government by Board of Control
  • Government of Court of Directors.

→ The Board of Control was to guide and control the work of the Court of Directors.

→ Presidencies of Madras and Bombay were subordinated to the Governor-General and Council of Bengal in all matters of diplomacy.

The Charter Act (1813)

→ The Charter Act  1813 is also known as The East India Company Act 1813.

→ The East Indian Company was deprived of its monopoly of trade with India except in tea and trade in China.

→ Under this act, a sum of one lakh rupees earn marked annually for education and this amount paid by the company.

The Charter Act (1833)

→ The Charter Act of 1833 brought an end to the East Indian Company’s trade monopoly even in tea and trade with China.

→ The Act centralised the administration of India.

→ The Governor-General of Bengal became the Governor-General of India (1st Governor-General was Lord William Bentick).

→ Government of Madras and Bombay deprived of legislative powers.

→ A fourth member, law member, added to Council of Governor-General.

The Charter Act (1853)

→ The Charter Act of 1853 extended life of the East Indian Company for an unspecified period.

→ Law member was made a full member of the Executive Council of the Governor-General.

→ Recruitment to Civil Services was based on open annual competitive examination (excluding Indians).

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