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SSC GK Polity Notes: All about Fundamental Rights

SSC GK Polity Notes: All about Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights Important Notes: Here We are Sharing Fundamental Rights Notes For UPSC, SSC CGL, CPO, MTS, CHSL, RAILWAY and other competitive exams.

     Fundamental Rights

  • The Fundamental Rights is defined as the basic human rights of all citizens.
  • These rights, defined in Part III of the Constitution, apply irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed, or gender.
  • They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions.
  • There are six fundamental rights recognized by the Indian constitution

     1. Right to equality (Article 14-18)

  • Equality before law and equal protection of law (Article 14).
  • Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex of place of birth (Article 15).
  • Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (Article 16).
  • Abolition of untouchability and prohibition of its practice (Article 17).
  • Abolition of titles except military and academic (Article 18).

    2. Right to freedom (Article 19-22) 

  • Protection of six rights regarding freedom of:

(i) speech and expression

(ii) assembly

(iii) association

(iv) movement

(v) residence, and

(vi) profession (Article 19).

  • Protection in respect of conviction for offences (Article 20).
  • Protection of life and personal liberty (Article 21).
  • Right to elementary education (Article 21A).
  • Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (Article 22).

    3. Right against exploitation (Articles 23-24) 

  • Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour (Article 23).
  • Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc. (Article 24).

    4. Right to freedom of religion (Article 25-28) 

  • Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion (Article 25).
  • Freedom to manage religious affairs (Article 26).
  • Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of any religion (Article 27).
  • Freedom from attending religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions (Article 28).

    5. Cultural and educational rights (Article 29-30)

  • Protection of language, script and culture of minorities (Article 29).
  • Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions (Article 30).

    6. Right to constitutional remedies (Article 32) 

  • Right to move the Supreme Court for the enforcement of fundamental rights including the writs of:

    (i) Habeas Corpus , (ii) Mandamus, (iii) Prohibition, (iv) Certiorari, and

    (v) quo warranto


Also read:

Preamble of the Constitution of India

Schedules of Indian Constitution

Parts of Indian Constitution

Directive Principles of State Policy

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