Geography Notes on Gulfs in India

Geography Notes on Gulfs in India

Geography Notes on Gulfs in India. Learn major Gulfs in India, Gulf of Mannar, Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambat, important for SSC, PSC, CDS, NDA, Banks etc.

What is a Gulf ?

◆ A gulf is a body of water that is connected to a sea or ocean and is surrounded or penetrated by land.

◆ Gulfs vary greatly in size, shape, and depth.

◆ They are generally larger than bays.

◆ Many important trading centers are located on gulfs.

◆ Gulfs may be formed by movements in the Earth’s crust.

◆ The Earth’s tectonic plates may rift, or break apart resulting in creation of gulf.

1. Gulf of Mannar

The relatively shallow but large bay of the Gulf of Mannar is part of the Laccadive Sea.

This bay extends from India’s southeastern tip to Sri Lanka’s west coast.

The sea is a significant habitat for the dugong.

The Gulf of Mannar has a surface area of about 10,500 square km and a maximum depth of 4,380 ft.

2. Gulf of Kutch

Gulf of Kutch is located in the state of Gujarat, along the west coast of India.

It is defined as an inlet of the Arabian Sea.

The gulf region is prone to severe daily tides, which makes it suitable for tidal energy generation.

It also functions to separate Kutch and Kathiawar peninsula regions of Gujarat.

The Gulf has a length of about 99 miles and a maximum depth of 402 ft.

3. Gulf of Khambat

Gulf of Khambhat or Gulf of Cambay is located in the state of Gujarat, along the west coast of India.

It can be defined as an inlet of the Arabian Sea.

It has a length of about 130 kilometers miles and is fed by the rivers namely, Narmada, Tapti, Mahi and Sabarmati.

A dam across the Gulf of Khambat has been proposed to be built under the Kalpasar Project.

Such an establishment is aimed at providing a huge fresh water reservoir for irrigation, drinking and industrial purposes.

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