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Directive Principles of State Policy

Directive Principles of State Policy

Indian Polity Notes: Directive Principles of State Policy. We have compiled Indian Polity notes for every competitive exam like SSC CGL, MTS, CHSL, CPO, NDA, CDS, Railway etc.

Important Points to remember:

» The Directive Principles of State Policy mentioned in Part IV of the Constitution contain 15 Articles (36-51).

» They are one of the many novel elements of the Constitution which have been adopted from the Irish Constitution.

» They are in the nature of certain ideals the state should strive for. They give certain directions to executive and the legislature.

» They give certain enforceable rights which the state shall aim at securing-by its various policies.

» These features have undergone evolution and represent context and experience of India.

» They are a combination of socialist ideals, Gandhian perception, Western liberalism and the ideals of India’s freedom struggle.

The various articles on Directive, Principles are as follows:

Article 38: instructs the state to promote the welfare of people by securing and protecting a social order in which justice (Socio-economic and political) shall inform all the institutions of national life.

Article 39(a): it talks about state’s role in providing adequate means of livelihood to all its citizens.

Article 39(b): provides for state’s direction for equitable distribution of resources.

Article 39(c): provides for prevention of concentration of wealth in fewer hands.

Article 39(d): provides for equal pay for equal work, for both; men and women.

Article 39(A): provides for equal justice and free legal Aid.

Article 40: says that the state shall organize village Panchayat as units of self-government.

Article 41: provides for right to work, public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement keeping in view the limitations of economic resources.

Article 43: provides for living wages for worker and a decent standard of life, leisure and social and cultural opportunities for people.

Article 43(A): provides for participation of workers in the management of industry and other undertakings. It has been added by 42nd Amendment.

Article 44: provides for a Uniform Civil Code applicable to the entire country.

Article 45: provides free and compulsory education to children till 14 years of age. It has now been made a fundamental right under Article 21A.

Article 46: provides for protection of educational and economic interests of weaker sections of the society and in particular, of the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

Article 47: provides for prohibition of consumption of intoxicating liquor and to raise the level of nutrition and five improvement of public health.

Article 48: provides for preserving and improving the breeds and prohibiting the slaughter of cows, calves and other milks and draught catties.

Article 48A: added by 42nd Amendment, provides for protection and improvement of the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.

Article 49: provides for protection of monuments of historical and national importance.

Article 50: provides for separation of judiciary from executive.

Article 51: provides for promotion of international peace and security.


Also read:

Nature and Sources of the Constitution

Constitution and its Types (Part-1)

Constitution and its Types (Part-2)

The Constituent Assembly of India (Part-1)

The Constituent Assembly of India (Part-2)

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1 Response

  1. A man kumar kanth says:

    Wow I find it great here to get the. Facts relevant to polity and much more . thanks for the help.☺☺☺☺☺☺☺

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