Daily Vocabulary For SSC, Bank Exams 2020 in Hindi

 

 

(VOCABULARY)

 

      1. Fray (Verb) – तनाव के प्रभाव दिखाना

Meaning: show the effects of strain.

Synonyms: strain, tax, overtax

Antonyms: peace, accord, armistice

Usage: “as the temperature rose, tempers frayed”

 

      1. Munificence (Noun) –दरियादिली

Meaning: the quality or action of being extremely generous.

Synonyms: generosity, bountifulness, open-handedness

Antonyms: meanness, niggardliness, parsimoniousness

Usage: “we must be thankful for his munificence”

 

      1. Endorsement (Noun) –समर्थन

Meaning: the action of endorsing someone or something.

Synonyms: support, backing, approval

Antonyms: opposition, opposite, antagonism

Usage: “the issue of full independence received overwhelming endorsement”

 

      1. Potent (Adjective) –शक्तिशाली

Meaning: having great power, influence, or effect.

Synonyms: powerful, strong, vigorous

Antonyms: weak, impotent, lethargic

Usage: “thrones were potent symbols of authority”

 

      1. Confined (Adjective) – परिरुद्ध

Meaning: restricted in area or volume; cramped.

Synonyms: cramped, constricted, restricted

Antonyms: open, roomy, gigantic

Usage: “her fear of confined spaces”

 

      1. Heinous (Adjective) – जघन्य

Meaning: utterly odious or wicked.

Synonyms: odious, wicked, evil, atrocious

Antonyms: admirable, nonsuch, surpassing

Usage: “a battery of heinous crimes”

 

      1. Moot (Adjective) – विवादास्पद

Meaning: subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

Synonyms: debatable, open to debate, open to discussion

Antonyms: accomplished, certain, hands-down

Usage: “whether the temperature rise was mainly due to the greenhouse effect was a moot point”

 

      1. Bonhomie (Noun) – खुशमिज़ाजी

Meaning: cheerful friendliness; geniality.

Synonyms: geniality, congeniality, conviviality

Antonyms: coldness, chill, unexcitedness

Usage: “he exuded good humour and bonhomie”

      1. Accord (Verb) –किसी को शक्ति, स्थिति या मान्यता देना

Meaning: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

Synonyms: give, grant, tender

Antonyms: withhold, remove

Usage: “the powers accorded to the head of state”

 

      1. Ferment (Noun) –विक्षोभ

Meaning: agitation and excitement among a group of people, typically concerning major change and leading to trouble or violence.

Synonyms: fever, furore, frenzy

Antonyms: peacefulness, quiet, tranquility

Usage: “a period of political and religious ferment”

 

      1. Factions (Noun) –गुटों

Meaning: a small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics.

Synonyms: clique, coterie, caucus

Antonyms: agreement, conformity, entirety

Usage: “the left-wing faction of the party”

 

      1. Confined (Adjective) –परिरुद्ध

Meaning: restricted in area or volume; cramped.

Synonyms: cramped, constricted, restricted

Antonyms: open, roomy

Usage: “her fear of confined spaces”

 

      1. Acquittal (Noun) –दोषमुक्ति

Meaning: a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.

Synonyms: absolution, clearing, exoneration

Antonyms: conviction, comprehension, memory

Usage: “the trial resulted in an acquittal”

 

      1. Acrimonious (Adjective) –उग्रता

Meaning: angry and bitter.

Synonyms: bitter, rancorous, caustic

Antonyms: unbitter, affable, amicable

Usage: “an acrimonious dispute about wages”

 

      1. Obstructed (Verb) –अवरुद्ध

Meaning: block (an opening, path, road, etc.); be or get in the way of.

Synonyms: block, block up, clog

Antonyms: clear

Usage: “she was obstructing the entrance”

 

      1. Tirade (Noun) –निंदा-भाषण

Meaning: a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.

Synonyms: diatribe, invective, polemic

Antonyms: calm, compliment, harmony

Usage: “a tirade of abuse”

 

      1. Caucuses (Noun) – सभा

Meaning: a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention.

Synonyms: meeting, assembly, gathering

Antonyms: agreement, conformity, entirety

Usage: “Hawaii holds its nominating caucuses next Tuesday”

 

      1. Bellicose (Adjective) –आक्रामक

Meaning: demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight.

Synonyms: belligerent, aggressive, hostile

Antonyms: peaceable, peaceaful, peace-loving, peace-minded

Usage: “a mood of bellicose jingoism”

 

      1. Wrangling (Verb) –तकरार करना

Meaning: have a long, complicated dispute or argument.

Synonyms: argue, quarrel, row

Antonyms: agree, symbolize, accord, fall in, consent

Usage: “the bureaucrats continue wrangling over the fine print”

 

      1. Detained (Verb) –देर करना

Meaning: keep (someone) from proceeding by holding them back or making claims on their attention.

Synonyms: delay, hold up, make late

Antonyms: at liberty, freedom, independence, liberty, liberties, independence, originality

Usage: “she made to open the door, but he detained her”

 


 

(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)

 

      1. The speech which is not audible – Inaudible
      2.  Partner in crime – Accomplice
      3. Motive or incitement to action – Incentive
      4. A short trip or excursion – Jaunt
      5. A speaker’s platform – Podium
      6. Science of practice of map drawing – Cartography
      7. The art of beautiful handwriting – Calligraphy
      8. A writing or a speech in praise of someone – Eulogy
      9. Loss of memory – Amnesia
      10. A speech made without preparation – Extempore

 


 

(MISSPELT WORDS)

 

        1. (A) millennium

     (B) millennium

     (C) millennium

     (D) millenium

 

      2. (A) occasionally

     (B) occasionally

     (C) occasionally

     (D) occasionally

 

        1. (A) underret

     (B) underrate

     (C) underrate

     (D) underate

 

        1. (A) writening

     (B) writing

     (C) writing

     (D) writeing

        1. (A) Accommodate

     (B) Accommodate

     (C) Accommodate

     (D) Accommodate

 

        1. (A) Questionairre

     (B) Questionnaire

     (C) Questionnair

     (D) Questionair

        1. (A) karnel

     (B) karnal

     (C) kernel

     (D) kernal

 

        1. (A) hygene

     (B) hygine

     (C) hygiene

     (D) hiygeine

        1. (A) vacume

     (B) vaccum

     (C) vacuum

     (D) vaccuum

 

        1. (A) vicious

     (B) visious

     (C) vecious

     (D) vesious

 


 

(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)

 

      1. Beer and skittles:

Meaning: – (UK) People say that life is not all beer and skittles, meaning that it is not about self-indulgence and pleasure.

Example: – You’ve been working all weekend, so just come out with us for a little while—it’ll be beer and skittles, I promise.

 

2. Bite the dust:

Meaning: – This is a way of saying that somebody has died, especially if they are killed violently like a soldier in battle.

Example: – I am not going to bite the dust so easily because throughout my life I have been a fighter.

      1. At each other’s throats:

Meaning: – If people are at each other’s throats, they are fighting, arguing or competing ruthlessly.

Example: – It was a very dramatic trial, with the prosecutor and the defense attorney constantly at each other’s throats.

      1. Be true blue:

Meaning: – If a person/object/situation is considered to be ‘true blue’, it is considered genuine.

Example: – Loyal, faithful, as in You can count on her support; she’s true blue.

      1. Asleep at the switch:

Meaning: – If someone is asleep at the switch, they are not doing their job or taking their responsibilities very carefully. ‘Asleep at the wheel’ is an alternative.

Example: – Johnson was supposed to make sure the paperwork went through before the deadline, but it looks like he was asleep at the switch.

      1. Between the lines:

Meaning: – If you read between the lines, you find the real message in what you’re reading or hearing, a meaning that is not available from a literal interpretation of the words.

Example: – Reading between the lines, you’d say that he’s not crazy about going.

      1. Stir up a hornets’ nest

Meaning: Make trouble, cause a commotion, as in Asking for an audit of the treasurer’s books stirred up a hornets’ nest in the association.

Example: It’s not that the management is not aware of few false bills here and there, but they don’t call it because it would expose many and stir up a hornet’s nest.

 

      1. Back against the wall

Meaning: Be in a difficult situation from where escape is difficult

Example: With banks baying for his blood over default in payments, he has his back against the wall.

      1. At sea:

Meaning: – If things are at sea, or all at sea, they are disorganized and chaotic.

Example: – When the teacher asked him a question about the subject, he was at sea.

 

      1. Backburner:

Meaning: – If an issue is on the back burner, it is being given low priority.

Example: – The assignment is on the back burner while I concentrate on writing this play.

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