Climate of India: Geography Study Notes
This article has covered all the seasons and climate of India, which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Climate of India
✦ India has a monsoon kind of climate.
✦ The whole country has a tropical monsoonal climate since, the greater part of the country lies within tropics.
✦ The position of the mountain ranges and direction of the rain bearing winds are the two main factors that determine the climate of India.
✦ Alternating season is the chief characteristic feature of Indian Climate.
✦ The climate is about the average weather conditions, which have been measured over many years.
✦ The climate of India has broadly been described as monsoon type.
✦ Due to India’s location in the tropical region most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds.
✦ India’s place called as Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives the world’s highest rainfall.
✦ While in a particular year it might not rain at all in Jaisalmer in Rajasthan.
Different Types of Seasons in India
✦ The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons:
- Winter (From December to early April)
- Summer or Pre-monsoon season (April to July in north-western India)
- Monsoon or Rainy season (June-September)
- Post-monsoon season (October-December).
✦ But traditionally, Indian note six seasons, each about two month long.
✦ Traditionally, India has six seasons with each being two months long in duration.
✦ They are based on the astronomical division of 12 months into 6 parts.
✦ These seasons are reflected in the ancient Hindu calendar.
These are listed with their traditional names below:
- Spring (Vasanta)
- Summer (Grishma)
- monsoon (Varsha)
- Early Autumn (Sarada)
- Late Autumn (Hemanta)
- Winter (Sisira)