Climate of India: Geography Study Notes

Climate of India: Geography Study Notes

This article has covered all the seasons and climate of India, which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Climate of India

✦ India has a monsoon kind of climate.

✦ The whole country has a tropical monsoonal climate since, the greater part of the country lies within tropics.

✦ The position of the mountain ranges and direction of the rain bearing winds are the two main factors that determine the climate of India.

✦ Alternating season is the chief characteristic feature of Indian Climate.

✦ The climate is about the average weather conditions, which have been measured over many years.

✦ The climate of India has broadly been described as monsoon type.

✦ Due to India’s location in the tropical region most of the rain is brought by monsoon winds.

✦ India’s place called as Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives the world’s highest rainfall.

✦ While in a particular year it might not rain at all in Jaisalmer in Rajasthan.

Different Types of Seasons in India

✦ The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons:

  1. Winter (From December to early April)
  2. Summer or Pre-monsoon season (April to July in north-western India)
  3. Monsoon or Rainy season (June-September)
  4. Post-monsoon season (October-December).

✦ But traditionally, Indian note six seasons, each about two month long.

✦ Traditionally, India has six seasons with each being two months long in duration.

✦ They are based on the astronomical division of 12 months into 6 parts.

✦ These seasons are reflected in the ancient Hindu calendar.

These are listed with their traditional names below:

  1. Spring (Vasanta)
  2. Summer (Grishma)
  3. monsoon (Varsha)
  4. Early Autumn (Sarada)
  5. Late Autumn (Hemanta)
  6. Winter (Sisira)


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