British Viceroy and their Works: Part – 2

British Viceroy and their Works: Part – 2

Here is a “List of British Viceroys during British India”, so that you can easily learn the chronology as well as their contribution. It is important for SSC, UPSC, CHSL, MTS, Railway etc.

11. Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 1921)

  • August Declaration of 1917, whereby control over the Indian government would be gradually transferred to the Indian people.
  • The government of India act in 1919 (Montague Chelmsford reforms) was passed.
  • Rowlatt act of 1919; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13, 1919).
  • Non Cooperation Movement.
  • An Indian Sir S. P. Sinha was appointed the Governor of Bengal.
  • A Women’s university was founded at Poona in 1916.
  • Saddler Commission was appointed in 1917 to envisage new educational policy.

12. Lord Reading (1921 – 1926)

  • Rowlatt act was repeated along with the Press act of 1910.
  • Suppressed non – cooperation movement.
  • Prince of Wales visited India in November, 1921.
  • Moplah rebellion (1921) took place in Kerala.
  • Ahmedabad session of 1921.
  • Formation of Swaraj Party.
  • Vishwabharati University started functioning in 1922.
  • Kakory Train Robbery on August 9, 1925.
  • Communal riots of 1923 – 25 in Multan, Amritsar, Delhi, etc.
  • Swami Shraddhanand, a great nationalist and a leader of the Arya Samajists, was murdered in communal orgy.

13. Lord Irwin (1926 – 1931)

  • Simon Commission visited India in 1928.
  • Congress passed the Indian Resolution in 1929.
  • Dandi March (March 12, 1930).
  • Civil Disobedience Movement (1930).
  • First Round Table Conference held in England in 1930.
  • Gandhi Irwin Pact (March 5, 1931) was signed and Civil Disobediance Movement was withdrawn.
  • Martydorm of Jatin Das after 64 days hunger strike (1929).

14. Lord Willington (1931– 1936)

  • Second Round Table conference in London in 1931.
  • On his return Gandhiji was again arrested and Civil Disobedience Movement was resumed in January, 1932.
  • Communal Awards (August 16, 1932) assigned seats to different religious communities. Gandhiji went on a epic fast in protest against this division.
  • Third Round Table conference in 1932.
  • Poona Pact was signed.
  • Government of India act (1935) was passed.

15. Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 1944)

  • Government of India act enforced in the provinces. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. They remained in power for about 2 years till October 1939, when they gave up offices on the issue of India having been dragged into the II World War. The Muslim League observed the days as ‘Deliverance Say’ (22 December)
  • Churchill became the British PM in May, 1940. He declared that the Atlantic Charter (issued jointly by the UK and US, stating to give sovereign rights to those who have been forcibly deprived of them) does not apply to India.
  • Cripps Mission in 1942.
  • Quit India Movement (August 8, 1942).

16. Lord Wavell (1944 – 1947)

  • Arranged the Shimla Conference on June 25, 1945 with Indian National Congress and Muslim League; failed.
  • Cabinet Mission Plan (May 16, 1946).
  • Elections to the constituent assembly were held and an Interim Government was appointed under Nehru.
  • First meeting of the constituent assembly was held on December 9, 1946.

17. Lord Mountbatten (March 1947 – August 1947)

  • Last Viceroy of British India and the first Governor General of free India.
  • Partition of India decided by the June 3 Plan.
  • Indian Independence Act passed by the British parliament on July 4, 1947, by which India became independent on August 15, 1947.
  • Retried in June 1948 and was succeeded by C. Rajagopalachari (the first and the last Indian Governor General of free India)

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