Yourclasses: Basic Word Lists for SSC, Bank and other Exams 2020-21
- Retaliation (Noun) –प्रतिकार
Meaning: The action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.
Synonyms: Revenge, Vengeance, Reprisal
Antonyms: Forgiveness, Pardon, Sympathy
Usage: “She rejected as preposterous any suggestion that she had acted in retaliation”
- Assertion (Noun) –अभिकथन
Meaning: a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
Synonyms: Declaration, Contention, Statement
Antonyms: Disavowal, Denial, Desertion
Usage: “Imposing such a ban requires far more compelling logic than the assertion that we should not play God.”
- Reckless (Adjective) –लापरवाह
Meaning: heedless of danger or the consequences of one’s actions; rash or impetuous.
Synonyms: Rash, Careless, Thoughtless
Antonyms: Careful, Cautious, Prudent
Usage: “Their biggest problem was persuading the enthusiastic local spies not to be reckless.”
- Abdicate (Verb) –त्यागना
Meaning: renounce one’s throne.
Synonyms: Resign, Retire, Quit
Antonyms: Be crowned, Accede to
Usage: “Once again the government is abdicating its responsibility and laying the blame elsewhere.”
- Veered (Verb) –अचानक दिशा बदलना
Meaning: change direction suddenly.
Synonyms: swerve, career, skew
Antonyms: stayed, went direct, gone direct
Usage: “One can veer off the main paths into gorgeous, overgrown woodland areas.”
- Probe (Noun) –तहक़ीक़ात
Meaning: a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.
Synonyms: investigation, inquiry, examination
Antonyms: answer, ignore, misunderstand
Usage: “I don’t think I shall ever know: in the time of recovery it seemed dangerous to ask and then the time for asking passed and one was afraid to probe an old wound.”
- Stampede (Noun) –भगदड़
Meaning: rush wildly in a sudden mass panic.
Synonyms: bolt, charge, rush
Antonyms: retreat, withdrawal, conclusion
Usage: “What normally seemed like a soft tiptoe, was now a stampede of horses.”
- Egregious (Adjective) –चौंका देने वाला
Meaning: outstandingly bad; shocking.
Synonyms: shocking, appalling, horrific
Antonyms: marvelous, wonderful, hyperphysical, prodigious
Usage: “But there’s often more egregious abuse among the tiny nonprofits that operate below the radar.”
- Indigenous (Adjective) –देशज
Meaning: originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
Synonyms: native, aboriginal, local
Antonyms: expatriate, migrant, adventitious
Usage: “Neither is indigenous in the manner that Indians were indigenous to North America.”
- Persecution (Noun) –उत्पीड़न
Meaning: hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression.
Synonyms: oppression, victimization, maltreatment
Antonyms: comfort, help, refuge
Usage: “Under the 1996 laws, asylum seekers fleeing persecution are now held behind bars.”
- Legitimate (Adjective) –कानूनी
Meaning: conforming to the law or to rules.
Synonyms: legal, lawful, licit, lawful, effectual
Antonyms: illegal, illegitimate, lawless, clandestine, bastard
Usage: “The removal of the appellants has the legitimate aim of maintaining such control.”
- Combative (Adjective) –जुझारू
Meaning: ready or eager to fight or argue.
Synonyms: pugnacious, aggressive, antagonistic
Antonyms: conciliatory, propitiatory, conciliate, flexible
Usage: “The removal of the appellants has the legitimate aim of maintaining such control.”
- Disparage (Verb) –उपेक्षा करना
Meaning: regard or represent as being of little worth.
Synonyms: belittle, denigrate, deprecate
Antonyms: praise, overrate, complimentary
Usage: “Perhaps discomforted by these challenges, contemporary critics disparaged the painting.”
- Accentuates (Verb) –अधिक ध्यान देने योग्य या प्रमुख बनाना
Meaning: make more noticeable or prominent.
Synonyms: focus, attention on, bring/call/draw attention to, point up
Antonyms: mask, divert attention from
Usage: “Above all, of course, we must accentuate the positive, making the most all that is good in our lovely city and county.”
- Grievance (Noun) –शिकायत
Meaning: a real or imagined cause for complaint, especially unfair treatment.
Synonyms: injustice, unjust act, wrong
Antonyms: commendation, advantage, aid
Usage: “Such movements aimed primarily to address specific grievances.”
- Suspicion (Noun) –संदेह
Meaning: a feeling or thought that something is possible, likely, or true.
Synonyms: intuition, feeling, impression
Antonyms: certainty, cert, inevitability, confidence
Usage: “He was arrested on suspicion of murder”
- Prompting (Noun) –उत्साह दिलाने की क्रिया
Meaning: the action of saying something to persuade, encourage, or remind someone to do or say something.
Synonyms: encouragement, reminder(s), reminding
Antonyms: tug, pull, yank
Usage: “after some prompting, the defendant gave the police his name”
- Consensus (Noun) –मतैक्य
Meaning: a general agreement.
Synonyms: agreement, harmony, concord
Antonyms: disagreement, a minority view
Usage: “there is a growing consensus that the current regime has failed”
- Accord (Verb) –स्वीकार करना
Meaning: give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).
Synonyms: give, grant, tender
Antonyms: withhold, remove
Usage: “the powers accorded to the head of state”
- Refrained (Verb) –कुछ करने से रोकना
Meaning: stop oneself from doing something.
Synonyms: abstain, desist, hold back
Antonyms: aided, allowed, assisted
Usage: “she refrained from comment”
- Forge (Verb) –जाली नक़ल करना
Meaning: create (something) strong, enduring, or successful.
Synonyms: build, build up, construct
Antonyms: remain, stand, stay
Usage: “He forged through the crowded side streets”
- Marred (Verb) –बिगाड़ना
Meaning: impair the quality or appearance of; spoil.
Synonyms: spoil, ruin, impair
Antonyms: improve, enhance, reform
Usage: “No wrinkles marred her face”
- Unprecedented (Adjective) –अनुपम, अप्रतिम, बेमिसाल
Meaning: never done or known before.
Synonyms: unparalleled, unequaled, unmatched
Antonyms: normal, common, usual
Usage: “the government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence”
- Envoys (Noun) –दूत
Meaning: a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
Synonyms: representative, delegate, deputy
Antonyms: receivers, donee, the giftee
Usage: “the UN special envoy to Yugoslavia”
- Culminated (Verb) –समापन होना
Meaning: reach a climax or point of highest development.
Synonyms: come to a climax, come to a crescendo, come to a head
Antonyms: start, begin, peter out
Usage: “weeks of violence culminated in the brutal murder of a magistrate”
- Warp (Verb) –बकसुआ, मरोड़ना
Meaning: make or become bent or twisted out of shape, typically as a result of the effects of heat or damp.
Synonyms: buckle, twist, bend
Antonyms: straighten, keep shape, plumb
Usage: “moisture had warped the box”
- Incursion (Noun) –आक्रमण
Meaning: an invasion or attack, especially a sudden or brief one.
Synonyms: attack on, assault on, a raid on
Antonyms: retreat, degrees, recoil
Usage: “incursions into enemy territory”
- Coveted (Noun) –इच्छा
Meaning: yearn to possess (something, especially something belonging to another).
Synonyms: desire, be consumed with desire for, crave
Antonyms: unwanted, unwashed, unwilled, uncomplying
Usage: “I covet one of their smart bags”
[su_heading size=”28″](ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)[/su_heading]
- A person who is greatly respected because of wisdom – Venerable
- One who is all-powerful – Omnipotent
- An act of violence to take control of a plane –Hijack
- Send or bring somebody back to his own country – Repatriate
- Animals that live in a particular region – Native
- A form of government in which supreme power rests with people is – Democracy
- Murder of a brother – Fratricide
- One who enjoys inflicting pain on himself –Masochist
- To die without having made a will – Intestate
- To play the part of and function as some other person – Act
- Not easily pleased by anything –Fastidious
- Handwriting which is difficult/impossible to read – Illegible
- More like a woman than a man in manners and habits – Effeminate
- An exact copy of handwriting or a picture produced by a machine – Copy
[su_heading size=”28″](MISSPELT WORDS)[/su_heading]
1. (A) Dependent
2. (A) Superside
- (A) Inocoulet
- (A) Practicaly
- (A) Existense
- (A) Temaperature
- (A) Guerrila
- (A) Suspeecious
- (A) Realize
- (A) Wierd
- (A) Infformation
- (A) Murmur
- (A) Compitance
- (A) Influencial
[su_heading size=”28″](IDIOMS AND PHRASES)[/su_heading]
1. Bread and butter:
Meaning: – Bread and butter issues are ones that affect people directly and in a very important way.
Example: – His bread and butter come entirely from the pension amount.
2. Chalk and cheese:
Example: – Things, or people, that are like chalk and cheese are very different and have nothing in common.
Meaning: – My brother and I are like chalk and cheese.
- Birds and the bees:
Meaning: – If a child is taught about the birds and the bees, they are taught about sex.
Example: – He’s twenty years old and doesn’t understand the birds and the bees!
- Dog tired:
Meaning: – If you are dog tired, you are exhausted.
Meaning: – Carl usually got home at around 5 o’clock, dog tired after overtime on the job.
- Bag of bones:
Meaning: – If someone is a bag of bones, they are very underweight.
Example: – The old, abandoned dog looked like a bag of bones after living on the streets for so long.
Meaning: – Someone who has a bird-brain, or is bird-brained, is stupid.
Example: – A person who lacks intelligence or who makes stupid decisions, You’re such a bird-brain.
- Back to square one:
Meaning: – If you are back to square one, you have to start from the beginning again.
Example: – I failed at calculus, so I guess it’s back to square one.
- Big bucks:
Meaning: – If someone is making big bucks, they are making a lot of money.
Example: – Kavita has a large amount of money because she was earning big bucks as a lawyer.
- All hell broke loose:
Meaning: – When all hell breaks loose, there is chaos, confusion and trouble.
Example: – One policeman drew his gun and then suddenly all hell broke loose.
- Belt and suspenders:
Meaning: – (USA) Someone who wears a belt and suspenders is very cautious and takes no risks.
Example: – We understand that we’re going to receive an opinion of counsel that our course of conduct is legal, but we’d really like to have a Directors and Officers Insurance Policy in place as a belt-and-suspenders plan.
- Beck and call:
Meaning: – Someone who does everything for you, no matter when you ask, is at your beck and call.
Example: – The restaurant’s staff must have thought I’m a restaurant critic. So, they were at my beck and call for three whole hours.
- Bells on:
Meaning: – (USA) To be somewhere with bells on means to arrive there happy and delighted to attend.
Example: – Ready to celebrate, eagerly, as in Of course I’ll come; I’ll be there with bells on.
- Belly up:
Meaning: – If things go belly up, they go badly wrong.
Example: – The sports team lost their last series & went belly up.
- Below par:
Meaning: – If something isn’t up to standard, or someone isn’t feeling or doing very well, they are below par.
Example: – I am feeling below par today, but I’m sure I’ll recover by tomorrow.