100 Useful Idioms and Phrases for SSC CGL and Bank Exams 2020-21
- Perilous (Adjective) – खतरनाक
Definition: full of danger or risk.
Synonyms: dangerous, fraught with danger, hazardous
Antonyms: safe, secure
Usage: “a perilous journey south”
- Ad hoc (Noun) — अनौपचारिक
Definition: created or done for a particular purpose as necessary.
Synonyms: impromptu, extempore, extemporary, extemporaneous
Antonyms: considered, planned, premeditated, premeditative
Usage: “the discussions were on an ad hoc basis”
- Substantive (Adjective) — ठोस
Definition: having a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.
Synonyms: biggish, considerable, good, goodly
Antonyms: inconsequential, inconsiderable, insignificant
Usage: “there is no substantive evidence for the efficacy of these drugs”
- Insurgency (Noun) — विद्रोह
Definition: an active revolt or uprising.
Synonyms: rebellion, revolt, revolution, rising
Antonyms: calm, obedience, orthodoxy, peace
Usage: “rebels are waging an armed insurgency to topple the monarchy”
- Behest (Noun) – आज्ञा
Definition: A person’s orders or command.
Synonyms: Instruction, Bidding, Request, Requirement
Antonyms: Appeal, Entreaty, Petition, Plea,
Usage: I only made the change at the author’s behest.
- Malign (Adjective) – दुष्ट
Definition: Evil in nature or effect.
Synonyms: Harmful, Evil, Bad, Baleful, Hostile
Usage: She had a strong and malign influence.
- Faraway (Adjective) – सुदूर
Definition: Distant in space or time.
Synonyms: Distant, Far Off, Far
Antonyms: Nearby, Neighboring
Usage: Exotic and faraway locations
- Tantrum (Noun) – गुस्से का आवेश
Definition: An uncontrolled outburst of anger and frustration, typically in a young child.
Synonyms: Fit, Outburst, Flare-up, Blow-up, Pet
Antonyms: Happiness, Peace, Calm
Usage: He has temper tantrums if he can’t get his own way
- Rendezvous (Noun) – मिलन स्थल
Definition: a meeting at an agreed time and place
Synonyms: meeting, appointment, engagement
Antonyms: disband, disperse, break up, distribute
Usage: “Edward turned up late for their rendezvous”
- Damper (Noun) – अंकुश
Definition: a person or thing that has a subduing or inhibiting effect.
Synonyms: curb, check, restraint, restriction, limit, limitation
Usage: “this will be a damper on the liberal agenda for the next couple of years”
- Leeway (Noun) — हवा की ओर
Definition: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
Synonyms: freedom, scope, room to maneuver, latitude
Antonyms: constraint, restriction
Usage: “the government had greater leeway to introduce reforms”
- Wilt (Verb) — जोश
Definition: lose energy, vigor, or confidence.
Synonyms: languish, flag, lose energy, become listless
Antonyms: perk up
Usage: “Lady Beresford was beginning to wilt as she greeted the long line of guests”
- Reluctance (noun) — अनिच्छा
Definition: unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Synonyms: unwillingness, disinclination
Antonyms: willingness, eagerness
Usage: “she sensed his reluctance to continue”
- Breach (noun) — उल्लंघन
Definition: an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct.
Synonyms: contravention, violation, breaking
Usage: “a breach of confidence”
- Contention (noun) — असहमत
Definition: heated disagreement.
Synonyms: disagreement, dispute
Usage: “the captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries”
- Castigates (verb) — फटकारना
Definition: reprimand (someone) severely.
Synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, admonish, chastise
Antonyms: praise, commendation, preface, panegyric
Usage: “he was castigated for not setting a good example”
- Rejoice (verb)आनंदित होना
Definition: feel or show great joy or delight.
Synonyms: happiness, pleasure, joy, gladness
Antonyms: mourn, lament
Usage: “we spent the evening rejoicing at our victory”
- Annul (verb) — रद्द
Definition: declare invalid (an official agreement, decision, or result).
Synonyms: declare invalid, declare null and void
Antonyms: restore, enact
Usage: “the elections were annulled by the general amid renewed protests”
- Saner (adjective) — समझदार
Definition: (of a person) of sound mind; not mad or mentally ill.
Synonyms: of sound mind, right in the head, in one’s right mind
Usage: “hard work kept me sane”
- Plea (Noun) – दलील
Definition: a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
Synonyms: appeal, entreaty, supplication, petition
Antonyms: answer, decision, demand
Usage: “he made a dramatic plea for disarmament”
- Confiscate (Verb) — जब्त करना
Definition: take or seize (someone’s property) with authority.
Synonyms: impound, seize, commandeer, requisition
Usage: “the guards confiscated his camera”
- Worrisome (Adjective) — चिंताजनक
Definition: causing anxiety or concern.
Synonyms: worrying, daunting, alarming, perturbing
Antonyms: reassuring, encouraging, cheering
Usage: “a worrisome problem”
- Dispute (Noun) — विवाद
Definition: a disagreement or argument.
Synonyms: debate, discussion, discourse, disputation
Usage: “a territorial dispute between the two countries”
- Entrench (Verb) — मोरचा बंद करना
Definition: establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.
Synonyms: establish, settle, ensconce, lodge, set
Antonyms: dislodge, superficial
Usage: “ageism is entrenched in our society”
- Transition (Noun) — संक्रमण
Definition: the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.
Synonyms: change, move, passage, transformation
Antonyms: stagnation, idleness, remission
Usage: “students in the transition from one program to another”
- Autonomy (Noun) – स्वशासन, स्वराज्य
Definition: freedom from external control or influence; independence.
Synonyms: self-government, independence, self-rule
Antonyms: subjection, dependence
Usage: “the courts enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy”
- Rationale (Noun) – तर्काधार
Definition: a set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or belief.
Synonyms: reason(s), reasoning, thinking, (logical) basis
Antonyms: discouragement, proof, reality
Usage: “he explained the rationale behind the change”
- Indigenous (Adjective) — स्वदेशी
Definition: originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
Synonyms: native, aboriginal, local
Antonyms: expatriate, migrant, adventitious
Usage: “the indigenous peoples of Siberia”
- Convene (Verb) – बुलवाना
Definition: Come or bring together for a meeting or activity; assemble.
Synonyms: Summon, Call.
Usage: Meghalaya’s Conrad Sangma, who runs a coalition government which includes the BJP,
convened the meeting in Guwahati, the region’s political hub, challenging the BJP on its own turf.
- Decouple (Verb) – अलग करना
Definition: separate, disengage, or dissociate (something) from something else.
Synonyms: disassociate, disconnect, disjoin, disjoint
Antonyms: join, link, unify
Usage: “the mountings effectively decouple movements of the engine from those of the wheels”
- Snag (Noun) — रोड़ा
Definition: an unexpected or hidden obstacle or drawback.
Synonyms: obstacle, difficulty, complication
Antonyms: advantage, aid, assistance, benefit
Usage: “there’s one small snag”
- Divergence (Noun) — विचलन
Definition: the process or state of diverging.
Synonyms: separation, dividing, parting
Antonyms: meeting, confluence, junction, merging
Usage: “the divergence between primates and other groups”
- Recede (Verb) – पीछे हटना
Definition: Go or move back or further away from a previous position.
Synonyms: Retreat, go back, Withdraw.
Antonyms: Advance, Approach
Usage: The prospects for Britain’s orderly withdrawal from the European Union on March 29 have receded further, even as MPs rallied to stop a no-deal scenario.
- Disburse (Verb) –चुकाना
Definition: Payout (money from a fund).
Synonyms: Spend, Expend
Usage: Just a day after a 300-crore loan was disbursed to Videocon International Electronics in
2009, Mr. Kochhar’s Nupower Renewable received Crore from the Videocon group.
- Inadvertent (Adjective) – असावधान
Definition: Not resulting from or achieved through deliberate planning.
Synonyms: Unintentional, Unintended, Accidental, Unpremeditated
Antonyms: Deliberate, Intentional
Usage: India must be alert as there is a possibility of emerging disruptive technologies prompting
- Lackluster (Adjective) – मंद
Definition: Lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring.
Synonyms: Uninspired, Uninspiring, and Unimaginative
Antonyms: Inspired, Brilliant
Usage: This rather lackluster response to major ‘futuristic’ challenges to our national security
raises a larger question: is India adequately
- Disruptive (Adjective) – हानिकारक
Definition: Causing or tending to cause disruption.
Synonyms: Innovative, Inventive, Ingenious, Original
Antonyms: Unimaginative, Conservative
Usage: The arrival of these technologies might deeply frustrate strategic stability as we know it given their disruptive nature.
- Glide (Verb) – फिसलना
Definition: Move with a smooth, quiet continuous motion.
Synonyms: Slide, Slip, Float and Drift
Usage: Once accuracies get better, hypersonic glide vehicles replace conventional delivery systems.
- Succinct (Adjective) – संक्षिप्त
Definition: (Especially of something written or spoken) briefly and clearly expressed.
Synonyms: Concise, Short, Brief, Compact, Condensed, Crisp
Antonyms: Lengthy, Long-winded, Verbose
Usage: In a January 2018 article, the Economist put it succinctly: “Disruptive new technologies, worsening relations between Russia and America and a less cautious Russian leadership than in the cold war have raised fears that a new era of strategic instability may be approaching.”
- Surreptitious (Noun) – जाली
Definition: Kept secret, especially because it would not be approved of.
Synonyms: Secret, Stealthy, Clandestine, Secretive, Sneaky
Antonyms: Blatant, Open, Honest
Usage: Low wages were supplemented by surreptitious payments from tradesmen.
- Sops (Noun) – कमी
Definition: A thing of no great value given or done as a concession to appease someone whose
main concerns or demands are not being met.
Synonyms: drench, drown, soak, sodden
Antonyms: dehumidify, Desiccate, Dry, Parch, Sear
Usage: The interim budget casts away established conventions and targets votes with sops.
- Expedient (Adjective) – प्रणाली
Definition: (of an action) convenient and practical although possibly improper or immoral.
Synonyms: Convenient, Advantageous,
Antonyms: Inexpedient, Ill-advised
Usage: As election-eve budgets go, Interim Budget 2019-20 must rank as one of the most politically
expedient ones this country has seen.
- Retaliatory (Adjective) – प्रतिकार का
Definition: (of an action) characterized by a desire for revenge.
Synonyms: Payback, Reprisal, Requital
Antonyms: Clemency, Grace, Leniency
Usage: The U.S. response cannot be regarded as purely retaliatory.
- Scupper (Verb) – तबाह करना
Definition: Sink (a ship or its crew) deliberately.
Synonyms: Sink, Scuttle, Submerge
Antonyms: Float, Raise
Usage: Mr. Trump, who scuppered the nuclear agreement with Iran, has hinted he would refuse to abide by a treaty that other parties were disregarding.
- Steam (Verb) – आगे बढ़ना
Definition: Come, go, or move somewhere rapidly or in a forceful way.
Synonyms: Run, Sprint, Race, Dart, Rush, Dash,
Usage: In 2018, the U.S. Nuclear Posture Review noted that Beijing was steaming forward with the expansion of its cruise-missile arsenal.
- Stockpile (Noun) – संचय
Definition: Accumulate a large stock of (goods or materials).
Synonyms: Amass, Accumulate, Hoard, Cache, Collect, Gather
Antonyms: Cast, Discard, Ditch, Dump
Usage: Shifting geo-politics also requires that European concerns be factored into strategic discussions on the INF, particularly because it is Europe that is most immediately threatened by the Russian stockpile.
- Inexplicable (Adjective) – अकथनीय
Definition: Unable to be explained or accounted for.
Synonyms: Unaccountable, Unexplainable, Incomprehensible
Usage: For some inexplicable reason her mind went completely blank.
- Disastrous (Adjective) – विनाशकारी
Definition: Causing great damage.
Synonyms: Catastrophic, Calamitous, Cataclysmic
Antonyms: Fortunate, Successful, Beneficial
Usage: A disastrous fire swept through the museum.
- Diligence (Noun) –परिश्रम
Definition: Careful and persistent work or effort.
Synonyms: Conscientiousness, Assiduousness, Assiduity
Antonyms: Laziness, Carelessness
Usage: Few party members challenge his diligence as an MP.
- Faction (Noun) – गुट या दल
Definition: Dissension within an organization.
Synonyms: Infighting, Dissension, Dissent, Dispute,
Usage: Most of the convicts belong to a faction of the National Democratic Front of Boroland, of which Daimary is the chairman.
- Espouse (Verb) – अपनाना या सहारा देना
Definition: Adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life).
Synonyms: Adopt, Embrace,
Antonyms: Reject, Oppose
Usage: These groups and their predecessors, many of which have given up arms and joined the formal political process, espouse causes ranging from secession to a Bodoland State carved out of Assam.
- Hamstrung (Verb) – पंगु होना
Definition: Severely restrict the efficiency or effectiveness of.
Synonyms: Handicap, Constrain, Restrict, Cripple
Usage: The Bodo case for statehood is also hamstrung by the fact that non-Bodos account for nearly 70% of the population in the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts that will comprise the core of such a State.
- Superfluity (Noun) – आधिक्य
Definition: An unnecessarily or excessively large amount or number of something.
Synonyms: Surplus, Excess, Overabundance
Antonyms: Lack, Shortage
Usage: Minority representation was discussed at length and set aside as a superfluity.
- Incipient (Adjective) – उत्पन्न होने वाला
Definition: Beginning to happen or develop.
Antonyms: – adult, adult, full-fledged, mature, ripe, ripened
Usage: In the real world of dislocation and trauma, Partition witnessed a number of local vigilante efforts to inscribe a narrower identity on the incipient nation.
- Hegemony – नेतृत्व
Definition: Leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.
Synonyms: Leadership, Dominance, Dominion, Supremacy
Usage: Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871.
- Enamour (Verb) – आनंदित करना
Definition: Be filled with love for.
Synonyms: In love with, infatuated with, Besotted with
Antonyms: Indifferent to
Usage: It is not difficult to see why Edward is enamored of her
- Appetite (Noun) – भूख
Definition: A strong desire or liking for something.
Synonyms: Craving, Longing, Yearning, Hankering,
Usage: We live in a world where appetite for news is incessant and the news cycle is very short.
- Vicious (Adjective) – शातिर
Definition: Deliberately cruel or violent.
Synonyms: Brutal, Ferocious, Savage, Violent
Antonyms: Gentle, Kindly, Benevolent
Usage: A vicious assault
- Estrangement (Noun) – मनमुटाव
Definition: The fact of no longer being on friendly terms or part of a social group.
Synonyms: Alienation, Turning Away, Antagonism, Antipathy, Disaffection,
Antonyms: Unity, Reconciliation
Usage: Equally important, the spectacular rise of Hindutva or Hindu nationalism from the 1990s has had a major psychological impact on a section of Muslim youth, prompting their estrangement from the national mainstream.
- Macabre (Adjective) – भयंकर
Definition: Disturbing because concerned with or causing a fear of death.
Synonyms: Gruesome, Grisly, Grim, Gory, Morbid
Antonyms: – cheerful, happy, pleasant, pleasing, pretty, common, living, normal
Usage: The Hashimpura massacre in Uttar Pradesh by members of the Provincial Armed Constabulary in 1987 was the most macabre example of such incidents.
- Swerve (Verb) – बहकना
Definition: To depart abruptly from a straight line or course
Synonyms: Break, Cut, Sheer
Usage: The government did not hesitate to swerve from the path of rectitude to finance an income support programme for farmers in an election year.
- Testify (Verb) – गवाही
Definition: Serve as evidence or proof that something exists or is the case.
Synonyms: Confirm, Evidence, Prove, Corroborate, Substantiate
Usage: The bleak lines testify to inner torment
- Conducive (Adjective) – अनुकूल
Definition: Making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.
Synonyms: Good for, Helpful to, Instrumental in
Usage: In a democracy, it is left to elected representatives whether to pursue macroeconomic policies conducive to the generation of employment.
- Pessimist (Noun) – हतोत्साहित
Definition: A thing that has a restraining or subduing effect.
Synonyms: Complainer, Grouch, Moaner and Pessimist
Antonyms: Hopeful, Sanguine,
Usage: The language on terrorism in the joint statement was something of a dampener for those who would have hoped there would be stronger condemnation of the terror attack in Pulwama.
- Embrace (Verb) – स्वागत और स्वीकार करना
Definition: Accept (a belief, theory, or change) willingly and enthusiastically.
Synonyms: Welcome and Accept, Integument
Usage: At the leadership level, Mr. Modi extended more than a personal touch to the visit by going to the airport and embracing the Crown Prince on landing.
- Precarious (Adjective) – अनिश्चित
Definition: Not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse.
Synonyms: Uncertain, Insecure, Unreliable, and Unsure
Antonyms: Safe, Secure
Usage: He made a precarious living as a painter.
- Claimant (Noun) – दावेदार
Definition: A person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit.
Synonyms: Applicant, Candidate
Antonyms: Consultant, Seller, Defendant, Respondent, Person, Abdicator
Usage: Obviously, a claim in the context of the above-mentioned Act is based on an assertion that a claimant has been in possession of a certain parcel of land located in the forest areas.
- Pertain (Verb) – संबद्ध होना
Definition: Be appropriate, related, or applicable to.
Synonyms: Concern, relate to, be Related to
Antonyms: Dissect, Unstudied, Artless, Unaltered, Untouched, Sincere
Usage: Developments pertaining to the economy.
- Affluent (Adjective) – प्रभावशाली
Definition: (especially of a group or area) having a great deal of money; wealthy.
Synonyms: Wealthy, Rich, Prosperous, Opulent
Antonyms: Poor, Impoverished
Usage: The savings of low-income Indian households have traditionally remained unprotected by the government when compared to those of the more affluent economic groups.
- Promulgate (Verb) – घोषणा करना
Definition: Promote or make widely known (an idea or cause).
Synonyms: Publicize, Spread, Communicate, Propagate
Antonyms: Conceal, Hush (up), Silence, Suppress
Usage: President Ram Nath Kovind has promulgated the Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Ordinance.
- Miscreant (Noun) – उपद्रवी
Definition: A person who has done something wrong or unlawful.
Synonyms: Criminal, Culprit, Wrongdoer, Malefactor,
Antonyms: Innocent, Saint
Usage: These unregulated schemes have also been misused by some miscreants.
- Utterance (Noun) – कथन
Definition: A spoken word, statement, or vocal sound.
Synonyms: Remark, Comment, Word, Expression
Antonyms: Silence, question, written statement, quiet, request
Usage: The latter is manifest in New Delhi’s diplomatic utterances.
- Baby-sit (verb)- पालना
Definition: look after a child or children while the parents are out.
Synonyms: Suckle, Feed, Nurse, Support, Reclaim, Baby-Sit
Antonyms: Miss, Neglect, Overlook, Disregard, Forget, Ignore
Usage: I was asked to babysit for the Alatas children and although I wasn’t too keen on watching over a toddler, I had accepted.
- Concert (verb)- संगीत कार्यक्रम
Definition: A musical performance given in public, typically by several performers or of several separate
Synonyms: Musical, Performance, Show, Production, Presentation, Recital
Antonyms: Chaos, Disagreement, Disharmony, Argument, Argy-Bargy.
Usage: I would love to return to Ireland one day to sing concerts of arias and Irish songs.
- Convenient (verb)- सुविधाजनक
Definition: Fitting in well with a person’s needs, activities, and plans.
Synonyms: Suitable, Appropriate, Fitting, Fit, Suited, Opportune, Timely, Well-Timed, Favourable,
Advantageous, Seasonable, Expedient.
Antonyms: Awkward, Difficult, Untimely, Unsuitable, Inappropriate, Unfortunate, Irritating, Annoying, Vexing, Bothersome, Aggravating.
Usage: I do have one further matter to trouble, your Lordship, with if that is convenient.
- Emergency (verb)- आपातकालीन
Definition: A serious, unexpected, and often dangerous situation requiring immediate action.
Synonyms: Catastrophe, Calamity, Difficulty, Plight, Predicament, Danger, Crisis, Urgent, Situation, Extremity,
Exigency, Accident, Disaster
Antonyms: Dubiousness, Benefit, Ease, Freedom, Fortuity, Peace, Possibility, Solution, Contingency, Good
Usage: Acute pulmonary oedema is a medical emergency and requires immediate care.
- Sightseeing (verb)- दर्शनीय स्थलों की यात्रा
Definition: The activity of visiting places of interest in a particular location.
Synonyms: Excursion, Sightseeing, Perambulation, Jaunt
Antonyms: Profound, Distrust, Mistrust, Disagree, Back
Usage: Besides sightseeing, hiking is probably the most popular activity in the canyon.
- Accommodation (verb)- आवास
Definition: A room, group of rooms, or building in which someone may live or stay.
Synonyms: Residence, Residency, Home, Habitation, Place, Facility, Convenience, Comfort, Vantage, Privilege
Antonyms: Disagreement, Burden, Millstone, Weight.
Usage: During the construction work, nursery school children and staff will be housed in temporary accommodation opposite the existing building.
- Antique(verb)- प्राचीन
Definition: Make (something) resemble an antique by artificial means.
Synonyms: collector’s item, period piece
Antonyms: Young, Current, Fresh, Modern, New, Recent.
Usage: Bronze, pewter and antiqued gold are all in the fashion frame, too, and will come over as breathtakingly
sophisticated at any age.
- Humid (Adjective)- आर्द्र
Definition: Marked by a relatively high level of water vapour in the atmosphere.
Synonyms: Moist, Damp, Humid, Wet, Dank, Dewy
Antonyms: Arid, Fresh, Unhackneyed, Verdant, Youthful, Blooming
Usage: We might need to move them later, but at least they are now out of the hot and humid atmosphere of the sun room.
- Perceive (Verb) – समझना
Definition: Become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.
Synonyms: Understand, deem, comprehend, perceive, think, know
Antonyms: Disbelieve, Misinterpret, Neglect, Offer, Miss, Overpass, Avoid, Lose, Give
Usage: The intuition perceives patterns and rhythms.
- Appreciative (Adjective) – सराहना
Definition: Feeling or showing gratitude or pleasure.
Synonyms: Laudatory, Appreciative, Appreciatory, Fan
Antonyms: Ungrateful, Distasteful, Repulsive, Sickening, Disagreeable, Nauseous, Ungrateful
Usage: I would still recommend living and working abroad as it has made me more appreciative of the things I have got back home.
- Unnerve (Verb) तसल्ली लेना
Definition: Make (someone) lose courage or confidence.
Synonyms: Dispirit, Unnerve, Frustrate, Benumb, Debilitate
Antonyms: Encourage Hearten, Stimulate, Embolden, Push, Encourage, Boost, Spur
Usage: The natural assumption is that having a reporter in the room is unnerving her
(ONE WORD SUBSTITUTION)
- Release of a prisoner from jail on certain terms and conditions – Parole
- Pertaining to cattle – Bovine
- A test in which cells from diseased organs are removed and tested – Biopsy
- The study of ancient civilization -Archaeology
- To struggle helplessly – Flounder
- Words uttered impiously about God – Blasphemy
- Speed of an object in one direction – Velocity
- In a threatening manner – Ghastly
- Quibble (to avoid giving a direct answer to a question in order to hide the truth) – Prevaricate
- One who finds nothing good in anything – Critic
- That which cannot be easily read – Illegible
- The process of deciding the nature of the disease by examination – Diagnosis
- To feel or express disapproval of something or someone –Deprecate
- To keep a great person or event in people’s memory – Commemorate.
- A person who dishonestly pretends to be somebody else – Imposter
- Use of force or threats to get someone to agree to something –Coercion
- A violent storm – Tempest
- A child born after the death of his father – Posthumous child
- Related to the moon –Lunar
- Found all over the world – Universal
- To confirm with the help of evidence – Implicate
- Full of criticism or mockery – Satire
- The absence of law and order – Anarchy
- Body of singers – Choir
- One who practices one of fine arts –Artist
- A general pardon of offenders – Amnesty
- A person who gambles or bets – Punter
- Group of people living together in the same locality – Neighbourhood
- Fit to be eaten – Edible
- Unfair advantages for members of one’s own family – Nepotism
- To bite like a rat – Gnaw
- A place of good climate for invalids – Sanatorium
- A woman with dark brown hair – Brunette
- An office with a salary but no work – Sinecure
- Amount of money demanded by kidnappers – Ransom
- Easy to shape in any desired form – Malleable
- A large burial ground – Cemetery
- To supply land with water by artificial means – Irrigate
- One whose motive is merely to get money – Mercenary
- The study of plant life – Botany
- Animals that live in water – Aquatic
- Instrument that magnifies objects – Microscope
- (A) Comperative
- (A) Perserverance
- (A) Genious
- (A) Mathemetics
- (A) Mosqutoes
- (A) Ocurrence
- (A) Forciebly
- (A) Psykology
- (A) Eligible
- (A) Transffered
- (A) Forein
- (A) Implement
- (A) Parformence
- (A) Unanemous
- (A) Disciplin
- (A) Xenophobe
- (A) Knowlez
- (A) Particularly
- (A) Somophore
- (A) Voilence
- (A) Deleimma
- (A) Planing
- (A) Counselor
- (A) Masquto
- (A) Parmanent
- (A) Questionair
- (A) Referense
- (A) Technicel
- (A) Gavernor
- (A) Hindrance
- (A) Esspecially
- (A) Pronunce
- (A) Synonymus
- (A) Vacuume
- (A) Penculiar
- (A) Sufficient
- (A) Defference
- (A) Procezure
- (A) Athiest
- 0(A) Succession
(IDIOMS AND PHRASES)
- Absence makes the heart grow fonder
Meaning: This idiom means that when people are apart, their love grows stronger.
Does it bother you that your husband goes away on long business trips?”
Reply: “No. The time we have spent apart has been good for us. Absence makes the heart grow fonder.”
- Baptism of fire
Meaning: A baptism of fire was a soldier’s first experience of shooting. Any unpleasant experience is undergone, usually where it is also a learning experience is a baptism of fire.
Example: My son’s just had his first visit to the dentist. He stood up to this baptism of fire very well.
- Bare your heart
Meaning: To share one’s intimate thoughts or feelings with another person.
Example: If you bare your heart to someone, you tell them your personal and private feelings. (‘Bare your soul’ is an alternative form of the idiom.)
- Breathe down your neck:
Meaning: follow closely behind someone.
Example: If someone follows you or examines what you’re doing very closely, they are breathing down your neck.
- Avowed intent
Meaning: A solemn public promise or pledge toward some goal or achievement.
Example: If someone makes a solemn or serious promise publicly to attempt to reach a certain goal, this is their avowed intent.
- Away with the fairies
Meaning: Giving the impression of being mad, distracted, or in a dream world.
Example: If someone is away with the fairies, they don’t face reality and have unrealistic expectations of life.
- Over the counter
Meaning: Without prescription
Example: Medicines and drugs that can be sold without a doctor’s prescription are sold over the counter.
- Par for the course
Meaning: If something is par for the course, it is what you expected it would be. If it is above par, it is better, and if it is below par, it is worse.
Example: I missed three questions, but that’s par for the course
- Worse for wear
Meaning: If something’s worse for wear, it has been used for a long time and, consequently, isn’t in very good condition. A person who’s worse for wear is drunk or high on drugs and looking rough.
Example: This television set is really worse for the wear; we’ll have to replace it.
- You can’t take it with you
Meaning: It means to use up all you have before you die because it’s no use to you afterward.
Example: Enjoy life, enjoy what you have, and don’t worry about not having a lot, especially money. Because once you’re dead, ‘you can’t take it with you.’
- Armchair critic
Meaning: An armchair critic is someone who offers advice but never shows that they could actually do any better.
Example: My uncle is such an armchair critic about the classes I’m taking.
- As the crow flies
Meaning: This idiom is used to describe the shortest possible distance between two places.
Example: Just go on this route as the crow flies, and you may save about 40 minutes.
- Babe in arms
Meaning: A babe in arms is a very young child or a person who is very young to be holding a position.
Example: An infant, as in She’s been a family friend since I was a babe in arms.
- Upset someone’s applecart
Meaning: If you upset someone’s applecart, you do something that causes a plan to go wrong.
Example: The increase in customs duty by the government has upset the applecart of those car companies who were importing most of their car parts.
- Tighten your belt
Meaning: If you have to tighten your belt, you have to economize.
Example: I’ve had to tighten my belt since I stopped working full-time.
- Let someone off the hook
Meaning: To not hold someone responsible for something
Example: We cannot let the government off the hook for what it has done.
- Written all over your face
Meaning: If someone has done something wrong or secret, but cannot hide it in
their expression, it is written all over their face.
Example: When I went over to my mother’s to tell her I was engaged, I knew she had already found out because happiness and excitement were already written all over her face.
- Put something on ice
Meaning: To postpone or delay acting on or interacting with a person.
Example: I know that the journalist has been persistent in getting a comment from us for his story, but we’ll just have to put him on ice until the trial is over.
- Head over heels
Meaning: If you’re head over heels, you’re completely in love.
Example: Max fell head over heels in love with her colleague and wants to marry her.
- Be that as it may:
Meaning: – Be that as it may be an expression which means that, while you are prepared to accept
that there is some truth in what the other person has just said, it’s not going to change your opinions in any significant manner.
Example: Building a new children’s home will cost a lot of money but, be that as it may, there is an urgent need for the facility.
- Ace up your sleeve:
Meaning: – To have a secret plan, idea, or advantage that can be utilized if and when it is required. A reference to cheating at a card game by hiding a favourable card up one’s sleeve.
Example: – A powerful and often secret weapon, advantage, etc., that can be used if it is needed The mayor’s popularity among elderly voters gives him an ace up his sleeve for the coming election.
- Barkis is willing
Meaning: – This idiom means that someone is willing to get married.
Example: – A: “Are you ready for the race today?”
B: “Oh yeah! Barkis is willin’!”
- Angry as a bear:
Meaning: – If someone is as angry as a bear, they are very angry. (‘Angry as a bear with a sore foot’ is also used.)
Example: – My father is as angry as a bear. I crashed his new car.
- Behind the times:
Meaning: – Someone that is behind the times is old-fashioned and has ideas that are regarded as outdated.
Example: – The robot is a century behind the times.
- Without a hitch:
Meaning: – If something happens without a hitch, nothing at all goes wrong.
Example: – I was nervous, but the whole plan went off without a hitch.
- Zip your lip:
Meaning: – If someone tells you to zip your lip, they want to shut up or keep quiet about something. (‘Zip it’ is also used.
Example: – I am tired of being nagged all morning. And then the politician asked them all to zip their lips as he wanted to state his point first.
- Stir up a hornets’ nest
Meaning: – Make trouble, cause a commotion, as in Asking for an audit of the treasurer’s books stirred up a hornets’ nest in the association.
Example: – It’s not that the management is not aware of few false bills here and there, but they don’t call it because it would expose many and stir up a hornet’s nest.
- As cold as ice:
Meaning: – This idiom can be used to describe a person who does not show any emotion.
Example: – She was as cold as ice when I tried to talk to her earlier
- World at your feet:
Meaning: If everything is going well and the future looks full of opportunity, you have the world at your feet.
Example: When you’re young you’ve got the world at your feet.
- Worth a try:
Meaning: If something is worth a shot, it is worth trying as there is some chance of success.
Example: – I’m not sure if I’ll get the job, but I think it’s worth a try.
- Casting vote:
Meaning: – The casting vote is a vote given to a chairman or president that is used when there is a deadlock.
Example: – His power is confined to giving a casting vote for or against a distinct proposal.
- Cat’s pajamas:
Meaning: – (USA) something that is the cat’s pajamas is excellent.
Example: – That new car was really the cat’s pyjamas.
- All set:
Meaning: – If you’re all set, you are ready for something.
Example: – John put on his helmet and he was all set for the motorcycle race.
- Fence sitter:
Meaning: – Someone that tries to support both sides of an argument without committing to either is a fence sitter.
Example: – You can’t sit on the fence any longer, you need to make up your mind.
- Alive and kicking:
Meaning: – If something is active and doing well, it is alive and kicking. (It can be used for people too.)
Example: – John’s completely recovered; he’s alive and kicking.
- Brass monkey:
Meaning: – If it’s brass monkey weather, or cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey, it is extremely cold.
Example: – According to Al Roker next week’s weather is going to be so cold, that it’ll be real brass monkey weather.
- Blank cheque:
Meaning: – If you are given a blank cheque, you are allowed to use as much money as you need for a project.
Example: – Several people expressed their concern when the Chairman desired to give the blank cheque for the company’s future in the hands of the 25-year-old director.
- Cash in your chips:
Meaning: – If you cash in your chips, you sell something to get what profit you can because you think its value is going to fall. It can also mean ‘to die’.
Example: – I have to be up early tomorrow, so I’m going to cash in my chips.
- Beat to the punch:
Meaning: – If you beat someone to the punch, you act before them and gain an advantage.
Example: – I wanted to have the new car, but Sally beat me to the punch.
- Busted flush:
Meaning: – Someone or something that had great potential but ended up a useless failure is a busted flush.
Example: – If social democracy fails here, it is pretty much a busted flush.